1 samuel 22 lesson

"His anger was bent against the Lord himself, for taking away his kingdom, and giving it to another: and because he could not come at the Lord, therefore he wreaketh his rage upon his priests." Share this page using one of these tools: Email / username or password was incorrect! (1Sa 22:5) David hears from the prophet Gad. (1) Deliverance is Divine. First, it shows a wonderful love. The poor simple-minded high priest knew nothing of the existing family feud between Saul and David. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. Verse By Verse Ministry International. Read 1 Samuel 15:22-23. (1Sa 22:11-15) Saul accuses Ahimelech of conspiracy with David. ", c. The title of Psalm 142 reads A Contemplation of David. You love all devouring words, you deceitful tongue. But David abode … Major Prophets All rights reserved. When Israel needed deliverance from Egypt, God didn't call a committee. 23 Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life: but with me thou shalt be in safeguard. Poetical Books c. With me you shall be safe: David could not do anything about the priests who were already murdered. 1 Samuel 14 1 Samuel 15:22 1 Samuel 16 Return to the Main Player Favoriting is a great way to keep a list of sermons, programs, and ministry resources in your account. And everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point d. All of you have conspired against me … there is not one of you who is sorry for me: In his fleshly, self-focused world, everything revolves around Saul. 1 Samuel 22. Johannine Writings i. Will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands and captains of hundreds? -------------------- 10. he inquired of the Lord for him--Some suppose that this was a malicious fiction of Doeg to curry favor with the king, but Ahimelech seems to acknowledge the fact. 22 And David said unto Abiathar, I knew it that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul: I have occasioned the death of all the persons of thy father's house. First, David's family came to him. We know from both 1 Samuel and the Psalms that David turned his heart back to the LORD and asked forgiveness after his lies to Ahimelech. 2 Everyone who was in trouble, in debt, or in desperate circumstances gathered around David, and he became their leader. i. But the glory of these 400 is that they came to David in the cave. iii. 649-663. memory Verse “Let us not become weary in doing good” (Galatians 6:9, nIv). Historical Books Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a vi. Four hundred men, and desperate men at that. So when his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they went down there to him, And everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him, And there were about four hundred men with him, He said to the king of Moab, "Please let my father and mother come here with you. in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry. e. The LORD brought David into this place while He was still in Adullam cave. (Psalm 57:1), ii. So what does a Jewish king need when he wants to act contrary to a Jewish law? Wisdom Literature And God, being just, deems all life as equally valuable. At the same time, the principle that God rarely calls that man to work alone is important. 1. Did I then begin to inquire of God for him? Historical Books The Old Testament Invite a student to read 1 Samuel 9:15–17 aloud. (1Sa 22:9-10) Doeg reports on Ahimelech and David to King Saul. # 22.1 Correction; cf 22:4-5; MT cave When David’s siblings and all his extended family learned of this, they went to join him there. ’ If I say to the boy, ‘Look, the arrows are on this side of you, take them,’ then you are to come, for, g as the L ord lives, it is safe for you and there is no danger. In the greater way, it was David's mere presence with Ahimelech that made him guilty before Saul, and there really wasn't anything David or anyone could do about that. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point 2 Samuel 7:1-17 International Bible Lesson Old Series (2014) “Now therefore thus you shall say to my servant David: Thus says the LORD of hosts: I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep to be prince over my people Israel” (2 Samuel 7:8—NRSV). 3. He had the high of immediate fame, a recent marriage, dangers from the Philistines, repeated attempts on his life, and a heartbreaking farewell from everyday life to live as a fugitive for who knows how long. He inquired of the LORD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath. But after that exhilaration wore off, he had a serious problem to consider: what do I do now? So David said to Abiathar, "I knew that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul. They knew the bitterness of life, and they were not satisfied with their lives or with King Saul. Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters, Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores. b. Verse 1 “Then Samuel said to Saul, “the LORD sent me to anoint you as king over His people, over Israel; now therefore, listen to the words of the LORD.” Saul was made king over GOD’S people, not his. Now the prophet Gad said to David: David enjoyed support and aid from the prophets. Over and over again in the Scriptures, God's work is led by a called and anointed man. i. 1 Samuel 24 Bible Story Center Materials Self-Control poster from Poster Pack, cup (2 oz.) In 1 Samuel 17:28, David's brother unjustly accused and criticized David. (Read 1 Samuel 22:1-5) See what weak instruments God sometimes uses, to bring about his own purposes. You love evil more than good, lying rather than speaking righteousness. Many times we think we have to get out of the cave until we can have the heart David had in Psalm 57. This was a solid beginning to a rebel army, if David wanted it to be that. So David seeks clarity with the Lord by means of the ephod again, He first asks if Saul will come to attack this city, And the Lord responds by means of the ephod that yes, Saul is coming to attack, This is probably what David assumed would happen, So then David asks the more important question. (Redpath). A prayer when he was in the cave. (Psalm 142:1-4). (1Sa 22:20-23) David protects Abiathar, the only survivor of Ahimelech's family. Will the city defend David or side with Saul? (1a) David’s distress at Adullam. b. Escaped to the cave of Adullam: This was David's place of refuge. I Samuel Menu ... 1 Sam 22:1 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, This was he of whom I spake, He that cometh after me… "Herein David became a type of Christ, the Captain of our salvation, who cried, 'Come unto me, all ye that are weary.'" ii. He confessed his guilt in the matter, and sought forgiveness from the LORD. Finding God’s Will, Any ‘Witch’ Way You Can (1 Samuel 28:1-25) 26. Saul is throwing a pity … Prophets Wisdom Literature Johannine Writings i. David's lies did not directly kill Ahimelech and the other priests. Saul thinks of himself as the victim! Pentateuch And Saul had certainly lost both his spiritual and mental abilities to lead God's people. David therefore departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. (Redpath), ii. (Clarke). i. Saul is clearly going off the deep end. i. Saul is the Lord’s servant, not the other way around as so many try to make God a servant today. He works through called men and women, but He also calls others to stand with and support those men and women. Memorize the following 15 periods of Bible history. To their credit, Saul's servants feared God more than Saul, and refused to murder the priests. Psalm 57 describes David as the LORD strengthened him in the cave and prepared him for what was next. The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, (Trapp). 13 # Short Commentary & Lesson from 1 Samuel 24.8-22 Imagine how tempting it may have been for Favid to kill Saul. And he commands the death of their families. When David came to Ahimelech, the priest questioned him carefully (Why are you alone, and no one is with you, 1 Samuel 21:1). After all, why would the Lord have produced such a great victory only to let Saul destroy David in the end? ", David and the men who were with him had been discovered, With a spear in his hand, and all his servants standing about him, Will the son of Jesse give everyone of you fields and vineyards, All of you have conspired against me … there is not one of you who is sorry for me, My son has stirred up my servant against me, He inquired of the LORD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath, Let not the king impute anything to his servant, you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much, And who among all your servants is as faithful as David, "You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and your father's house! b. I have caused the death of all the persons of your father's house: David meant this in two ways. They are just as called and anointed as David is, but they are called and anointed to follow and support David, and he is called and anointed to lead them. v. These all came to David when he was down and out, hunted and despised. But here he isn't reluctant to murder the priests of the LORD in cold blood. He simply and honestly says, "Let not the king impute anything to his servant.". A verification email has been sent to the address you provided. List at least one event that occurred during each period. Poetical Books of Scripture. Now, all he can do is minister to the need in front of him - Abiathar, the surviving priest. Verse 23 is our memory verse for this lesson. lesson Caught in a Cave Community We respect one another. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. Will I be a man of Saul or a man of David? Once David came to the throne, there were a lot of people who wanted to be around him. DOEG ACCUSES AHIMELECH. This was the worst act that ever Saul did." 1 Samuel 22 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. b. Not only does he accuse Ahimelech and David of conspiracy against him (you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse), but he also thinks that David is out to kill him (that he should rise against me, to lie in wait). -------------------- A person’s life is not deemed valuable because of their particular office or function. In the way in which I walk they have secretly set a snare for me. range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed "This is one of the worst acts in the life of Saul; his malice was implacable, and his wrath was cruel, and there is no motive of justice or policy by which such a barbarous act can be justified." Such a beautiful picture of Christ as Paul wrote, speaking of those who find refuge in Christ: The Lord appears to be giving David cause for encouragement, yet He’s doing it in such an odd way, It seems a perfect plan for encouraging a future king yet without giving opportunity for his pride to get in the way, Remember that Saul’s downward spiral was propelled by self-importance and pride, But the Lord won’t give David any room to make that same mistake, And his subjects are deadbeats and malcontents, Not much opportunity for pride under these circumstances, Ironically, though, it’s this odd group that becomes the nucleus of support that eventually leads to his crowning as king, God will turn this mustard seed of support for David into a kingdom, But there’s years of time still to pass and a battle that must be fought, Their enemy will seem quite strong for a time, But his defeat is assured from the beginning, I’m sure you can draw your own parallel between David and Christ, Now that David has his modest army, he decides to leave the caves and be on the move again, for if these men could find him, so could Saul, Since there was no safe place in Israel for an enemy of Saul, it makes sense that David would escort his family out of the country, The Moabites might have still had some affinity for his family in light of that connection, David’s great grandmother was a Moabite (Ruth), And the country of Moab is also the sensible place to take them, David might have also sought refuge in Moab, but notice he has no interest in joining his parents there, He says he is is seeking to understand what the Lord will do with him, In other words, David seems to understand that the Lord is working in these circumstances and David must submit to it, For as long as David remained in Mitzpah, the stronghold, his parents were with him, But eventually, the prophet Gad comes to David and encourages him to return, Gad was a contemporary prophet with Samuel, But we have no Bible book by this prophet, We know of him because Samuel writes of him, He appears periodically during the life of David in support of his reign, So already we see the Lord raising up a support structure for David, but it’s the kind of structure that leaves no room for boasting, Meanwhile, the man who has no trouble boasting is raving over David’s escape, Samuel moves back and forth between the story of David and the story of Saul to drive home the contrast, As David is humbly submitting to the Lord’s will, enduring deprivation and taking shelter with Israel’s enemies, Saul is doing the opposite, Under a tree, resting with his attendants surrounding him, But rather than being at peace with his situation, he’s frantic, Saul hears David has followers in the desert now, and he begins to mock David and the song that enraged him so much, Unlike David, Saul has an endless number of loyal subjects, But it’s Saul making accusations that his followers are conspiring against him, He blames them for not revealing that Jonathan and David were in covenant, That covenant was struck in secret, so it’s unlikely the servants were hiding anything, But Saul’s paranoia doesn’t care about the facts, At the end of v.8, Saul is having a full-blown pity party, Once again, if anyone in this story had reason to sit on the ground and pout, it should have been David, But it’s Saul who’s in despair at this point, At this point, the character from the last chapter returns, Doeg, the Edomite, the one who noticed David hanging around the priests in Nob, Doeg tells Saul he knows that the priests gave David support, The way he tells the story makes it sound worse than it was, It wasn’t as though the priests were seeking to assist David so much as they were fooled by David’s lie, And by betraying David, Doeg wins points with Saul and that’s his desire, As Doeg expected, Saul reacts in anger to the news, The king demands the High Priest appear before him along with his whole household and all the priests of Nob, He accuses the priest of conspiring with “the son of Jesse” against him, He mentioned the bread and sword but then concludes these materials would be used to allow David to ambush Saul, Of course, nothing like this was planned, but Saul is simply imagining the worst in his state of paranoia, And the priest is as confused as Saul is paranoid, He first reacts incredulously at the idea that David would oppose Saul, He says no one is more loyal to Saul than David, the captain of his army, But as far as these matters, the priest says he knows nothing of them, which was true, He was acting under the deception David spoke to him, Saul isn’t convinced and orders the soldiers to kill the priests of Israel, The soldiers hear the command but take no action, They weren’t convinced there was good reason to take the lives of God’s anointed priests, These men had too much respect for the priesthood, so much that they felt Saul’s orders could be ignored, Clearly, they saw the command to respect the priesthood to be equal or greater than the requirement to respect the king. He also knew how to divert Saul's anger and suspicion from his own staff to the priests. He probably was simply fulfilling a ceremonial obligation connected to his employment to the king of Israel. Privacy Policy Look on my right hand and see, for there is no one who acknowledges me; refuge has failed me; no one cares for my soul. I. David sets up his standard in the cave of Adullam, entertains his relations ( v. 1 ), enlists soldiers ( v. 2 ), but removes his aged parents to a more quiet settlement ( v. 3, v. 4 ), and has the prophet Gad for his counsellor ( v. 5 ). "Do you see the truth of which this Old Testament story is so graphic a picture? Instead of telling Ahimelech the truth, David lied to him. Cookie Notice: And the king said to Doeg, "You turn and kill the priests!" General Epistles Apparently, when Doeg was detained before the LORD at the tabernacle (1 Samuel 21:7), it didn't change his heart at all. These men were in distress. Psalm 57 shows a heart of trusting praise to the LORD: I will praise You, O LORD, among the peoples; I will sing to You among the nations … Be exalted, O God, above the heavens; let Your glory be above all the earth. They wanted something different, and something better, and God called them to David at Adullam cave. Abide not — Do not shut up thyself here. i. Ahimelech is so unaware of the hatred Saul has for David that he praises David before the jealous king: And who among all your servants is as faithful as David. THE BAPTIST’S TESTIMONY ABOUT CHRIST (John 1:15-18) 15. But we can have it now, no matter what our circumstances. Saul's dealing with the prophets (such as Samuel) was almost always negative, because Saul resisted the word of God. Wisdom Literature He didn't say, "The Man Who Killed Goliath," or "The Man Who Killed 200 Philistines," or "The Man Anointed by God." Pauline Epistles (Trapp), iv. 9. Most archaeologists believe that the Cave of Adullam was not too far from the place where David defeated Goliath, in the hills of Judah. d. The title of Psalm 57 reads A Michtam of David when he fled from Saul into the cave. Stay with me; do not fear. . I Samuel Lesson 22: Contact: David Parham 940-322-4343 Website: Internet Bible Studies. He knew he was called and anointed to be the next king of Israel. An unprincipled leader might make these 400 men into a gang of rebels or cutthroats, but David would never allow this to become a rebel army against King Saul. David had to learn to trust God in the midst of the danger, not on the other side of the danger! The Old Testament Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. The anointed (messiah) of the Lord, his king (2 Samuel 22:51), his servant (Psalms 18:1-50; inscription). Psalm 57 shows David with a prayerful heart: I will cry out to God Most High, to God who performs all things for me. So he constructs elaborate conspiracies against him. In Psalm 52, David shows his outrage against Doeg: Why do you boast in evil, O mighty man? a. e. My son has stirred up my servant against me: Jonathan never did any such thing, but Saul could not accept the truth that David and Jonathan were in the right, and he was in the wrong. Their life is deemed valuable because they rest under the Lordship of a just and sovereign God. The name Adullam means refuge, but the cave wasn't to be David's refuge. play dough for each student, Tell the Story Follow along with me as we use our dough to tell today’s story 1. The principle that God leads through a called and anointed man is important. And the Lord tells David that if he stays, the people will betray him to Saul, In other words, the Lord is telling David he must flee to save himself, This city is not to become a refuge for David, It was God’s will that David remain on the run from Saul, This is an important footnote on our earlier analysis of David’s godly leadership, It would be natural to assume too much about this victory, That since God sent David up against this city and delivered a great victory that therefore the Lord was also prepared to defend David against Saul, David could have made that assumption without even seeking the Lord’s counsel. Luke-Acts They had problems of their own, yet God called them to David at Adullam cave. I have caused the death of all the persons of your father's house. Pauline Epistles -------------------- (2 Samuel 22:1). David made them into the kind of men described in 1 Chronicles 12:8: Mighty men of valor, men trained for battle, who could handle the shield and spear, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were as swift as gazelles on the mountains. Major Prophets 5. ii. The Hebrew for discontented is bitter of soul. Judah — Go and shew thyself in the land of Judah, that thou mayest publicly put in thy claim to the kingdom after Saul's death; and that thy friends may be invited and encouraged to appear on thy behalf. Consequently, He is the One to whom we must cry for deliverance (34:4-7; 57:1-3; 142). Pentateuch Is the centurion at the crucifixion the same from Luke 7? These men had to make conscious choice: who will lead me? One reason why God wanted David in Judah was so that he could do some good. 23 i And as for the matter of which you and I have spoken, behold, j the L ord is between you and me forever.” 24 So David hid himself in the field. The sheer pressures of these frustrations drives them to the refuge of the blood of Christ that was shed for them." After Samuel’s … So David departed and went into the forest of Hereth. Minor Prophets iv. This is a trap for any leader who feels under attack! i. Lesson 10. Blue Letter Bible is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. ii. 2. (Psalm 52:8-9). Poetical Books Now the prophet Gad said to David, "Do not stay in the stronghold; depart, and go to the land of Judah." Then Saul said to him, "Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, in that you have given him bread and a sword, and have inquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as it is this day?" He couldn't go to his house, he couldn't go to the palace, he couldn't go to Samuel, he couldn't go to Jonathan, he couldn't go to the house of the LORD, and he couldn't go to the ungodly. (1Sa 22:3-4) David cares for his parents. Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness. Will the people betray David or protect him? Look at what King Saul said when he heard what David had done: Read 1 Samuel 24:16-19 Samuel, Saul and David. -------------------- Johannine Writings b. Doeg implicates the priest Ahimelech as David's accomplice. conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy So he brought them before the king of Moab, and they dwelt with him all the time that David was in the stronghold. In his mind, David and Ahimelech are out to get him! With a spear in his hand, and all his servants standing about him: We've seen Saul in this place before! Please see Blue Letter Bible's Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. They say they fear for their lives enough already, so why take the added risk of going to this battle with the Philistines? 22:8 “For all of you have conspired against me so that there is no one who discloses to me when my son makes a covenant with the son of Jesse, and there is none of you who is sorry for me or discloses to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me to … (1Sa 22:6-8) Feeling sorry for himself, Saul accuses his aides of treason. THE BOOK OF 1 SAMUEL Lesson 8: Chapters 22-24 David the Outlaw • Previous • 1 Samuel Study List • Next. Major Prophets (Psalm 57:9, 5, 11). Those who prospered under the wicked king were comfortable with him. Remind students that despite Samuel’s warnings of the dangers of having a king, the Israelites had demanded that they be given a king to rule over them so they could be like other nations (see 1 Samuel 8:4–22). Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year. Passwords should have at least 6 characters. Any way you slice it, David's lies came to no good. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point The servants of the king would not lift their hands to strike the priests of the LORD. What should we assume about a cave significant to have a name? This was a team that needed a leader, and David became captain over them. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, (Hebrew/Greek Search by English Definition), * 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order', Search verses, phrases, and topics (e.g. Designed and developed by VBVMI in partnership with Giles-Parscale. 1 Samuel chapter 22 summary starts out with David leaving the presence of the king of Gath and dwells in a cave, from whence he sent word to his family where he was and they came to visit and see him. (B)When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there.2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered(C)around him, and he became their … Then answered Doeg the Edomite, who was set over the servants of Saul, and said, "I saw the son of Jesse going to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. c. So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests: Doeg, who was not a Jew, but an Edomite, didn't hesitate to murder the priests and their families.

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