These operations were primarily long-distance patrols in and around jungle areas searching for the Communists and providing perimeter security for the 'New Villages'. A short time afterwards a flare was fired from the German lines followed by sporadic rifle and machine-gun fire, which was directed somewhere away from the battalion's axis-of-advance. , Elsewhere, the main offensive which had been launched at Hill 971 and Sari Bair, and the fresh landings that had taken place at Suvla Bay, also faltered. The 3rd Division was raised in Australia, while two new divisions, the 4th and 5th Divisions, were raised in Egypt from reinforcements in holding depots and experienced cadre personnel which were drawn from the infantry battalions of the 1st Division. The Battalion returned to Australia in February 2012.  By the beginning of October Dili had been fairly well secured and so INTERFET began to move out into areas along the western border with Indonesian West Timor. Upon formation, the battalion was assigned to the 8th Brigade, and allocated a recruitment area that str…  The sector was a relatively quiet one, although not without its dangers due to constant mortar attacks, sniping, and the need to maintain patrols in no man's land. , The physical standards under which the first contingent of the AIF was recruited were very strict, nevertheless by the end of August over 20,000 men had been recruited into one infantry division—the 1st Division—and one light horse brigade, the 1st Light Horse Brigade. , On 19 December 1917, after the battalion had moved to the relatively quiet Messines sector in Flanders along with the other Australian divisions following their involvement in the Passchendaele operations, Stevens resumed command; Milligan having been elevated to the general staff. The 3rd Brigade is a combined arms brigade of the Australian Army, principally made up of the 1st and 3rd Battalions of the Royal Australian Regiment (1 and 3 RAR). The battalion originates from the 2nd East Anglian Regiment and was later reduced to a battalion and moved under the R ANGLIANs just a few years after their formation.  Further operations were undertaken, including further patrols and ambushes, until finally in August 1957 2 RAR was withdrawn from anti-Communist terrorist operations and returned to its primary deterrence role as part of the FESR. , The 2nd Battalion held the following alliances:. Chalk and his platoon of 35 men from the Papuan Infantry Battalion made first contact with the advancing Japanese … Connor, ED (1958–1960), Brigadier The Hon. Early in the action all his company officers were either killed or wounded with the assault such that the company and Brigade became somewhat disorganised. Eskell, ED MLC (1960–1962), Lieutenant Colonel J.A.  It is planned that the 2 RAR elements generally assigned to the Pre-Landing Force (PLF) will be a command and control node, elements from the Reconnaissance and Sniper and Small Boat Platoons, two infantry platoons, a joint fires team and a signals detachment.  This was to be 2 RAR's last major operation of its first tour and in June 1968 they were relieved by 4 RAR and returned to Australia, arriving there on 13 June.  Part of this saw the influx of large numbers of reinforcements and the expansion of the AIF. , The following day, as reinforcements arrived at the dock by sea, 2 RAR was relieved by 3 RAR (Para), who's Admin Company took over the task of guarding the docks, freeing up 2 RAR to continue further operations around Dili. Fox, ED (1965–1968), Lieutenant Colonel C.G.  This has seen 108th Battery relocate from 4th Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery to 2 RAR as a sub-unit, being the only full-time infantry battalion with its own organic artillery battery.  Shortly afterwards, on 7 April, the units of I Anzac Corps were assigned to a "quiet" sector of the line near Armentières to gain experience of trench warfare.  With only limited machine-guns and with bad light hindering the supporting artillery, the job of turning back the Turkish assault fell to the riflemen and by maintaining strict fire discipline, great effect was achieved. On the night of 10/11 September, while around Hesbécourt, the 2nd Battalion carried out peaceful penetration raids against German reserve positions around Jeancourt. It was initially raised for service during the First World War as part the Australian Imperial Force and saw action at Gallipoli before being sent to the Western Front in mid-1916, where it spent the next two-and-a-half years taking part in the fighting in the trenches of France and Belgium. The Vietcong had been greatly weakened by the failure of the Tet Offensive, and as a result over the twelve months that 2 RAR was deployed contact was significantly less than had been experienced during the first tour, sustaining half the number of casualties. , As 1917 began with the Allies making fresh plans, the Germans, finding themselves outnumbered and needing to shorten their lines, began a skilful staged withdrawal beginning in February and ending in April.  An advanced party from 2 RAR arrived in Vietnam for their first tour in April 1967, although the main force did not deploy until the following month, embarking upon HMAS Sydney which had been converted to a troop carrier.  Before amalgamation, the battalion's regimental march was Braganza, which was confirmed in 1953. Kelly, RFD ED (1982–1985), Lieutenant Colonel D.G. Elements from these units combined with elements of the 3rd Combat Engineer Regiment to form a combat team.  The end of compulsory training and the fiscal austerity that followed due to the economic downturn of the Great Depression meant that the manpower available to many Militia units at this time was limited and as a result their frontage dropped well below their authorised establishments. Two separate patrols were undertaken by the 2nd Battalion on 2 May. The 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (2 RAR) is an amphibious light infantry battalion of the Australian Army part of the 1st Division Amphibious Task Group based at Lavarack Barracks in Townsville. A month earlier, on 23 November 1948 it was renamed the 2nd Battalion, Australian Regiment, with the Royal regimental prefi… At this time, only two divisions were formed along with other supporting units.  During the war, although mobilised and assigned to the 1st Brigade, the battalion did not see active service overseas and was instead used as a garrison force in Australia until 2 December 1943 when it was merged once again with the 41st Battalion, forming the 41st/2nd Battalion. [Note 4] Just prior to this, on 30 April 1960, the battalion had been afforded the Freedom of the City of Newcastle. It was initially raised for service during the First World War as part the Australian Imperial Force and saw action at Gallipoli before being sent to the Western Front in mid-1916, where it spent the next two-and-a-half years taking part in the fighting in the trenches of France and Belgium.  On 17 April, while defending the village of Sec Bois, the battalion helped turn back a determined German attack.  The 2nd Battalion was chosen to take part in the initial assault. , The battalion's second tour of Malaya came four years later when it joined the 28th Brigade again, this time at Camp Terendak near Malacca in October 1961. In addition, a number of small-scale raids were also undertaken in an effort to draw some attention away from the fighting that was occurring on the Somme. , A 2017 article in the Australian Infantry Magazine stated that in its specialist role, 2 RAR "will be responsible for amphibious reconnaissance and surveillance, small boat operations, battle space shaping and limited scale raiding in support of a Joint Amphibious Task Force".  During this time, the Australians undertook a series of small-scale operations that became known as "peaceful penetrations". , Throughout 1956 operations continued and 2 RAR's companies took turns rotating through Kroh in the north of Perak on the Thai-Malay border. Feel free to add any photos of times past or times present. The 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (2 RAR) is based at Lavarack Barracks in Townsville. 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment December 7 at 1:23 AM Old Faithful has now wrapped up it's commitment on Operation COVID-1 ... 9 Assist, deploying …  The conversion process was completed in October 2017.  This was essentially very monotonous work for the infantrymen. , As part of the post-Vietnam War reduction of the Australian Army 2 RAR was combined with 4 RAR between 15 August 1973 and 1 February 1995 as the 2nd/4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment. , Shortly thereafter, during the Battle of the Lys, the 2nd Battalion, along with the rest of the 1st Division, were sent to Hazebrouck. Following the completion of amphibious operations, the battalion will either re-embark or remain ashore as a reconnaissance unit.  It has since been estimated that up to 4,000 refugees were killed by members of the Rwandan Patriotic Army in this incident, although this number may well have been higher if not for the efforts of the Australian medics and infantrymen who braved hostile fire on numerous occasions without the ability to return fire as they attempted to assist the wounded and dying.  In an effort to hold the line reinforcements from 'D' Company, 3 RAR and the 1st Battalion, Durham Light Infantry were brought up and placed under 2 RAR command before the attacks were finally beaten off on the morning of 26 July.  This unit remained in existence until 1987, when further reforms to the Army Reserve led to a reduction in the number of infantry units across Australia and, at a ceremony held at Newcastle on 5 December 1987, the 2nd Battalion was amalgamated with the 17th to form the 2nd/17th Battalion, Royal New South Wales Regiment, within the 8th Brigade. The 2nd Battalion was raised at Randwick, New South Wales, in August 1914 as part of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF), which was formed from volunteers for overseas service shortly after the outbreak of the First World War.  After gaining possession of the main enemy line, the Australians were subjected to a series of determined counter-attacks which would last the next three days, which, although successfully repulsed, proved very costly for the Australians. For other uses, see 2nd Battalion (Australia) and 2/2nd Battalion (Australia). Following the end of the war, the 2nd Battalion was re-raised as part of the Citizens Military Force in 1948. However, the Ottoman Empire's entry into the war on Germany's side on 29 October meant that the strategically vital Suez Canal was threatened, and as a result of this and overcrowding in training grounds in the United Kingdom, upon the convoy reaching the Suez at the end of November, plans for the use of the Australian force were changed and they were disembarked in Egypt instead. , In the late 1950s and early 1960s, 2 RAR undertook two tours of Malaya during the Malayan Emergency, the first between October 1955 and October 1957 and the second between October 1961 and August 1963.  Nevertheless, duties in this time were focused mainly upon maintaining a defensive presence in the line and rebuilding the defences.  During this time, the fighting at Anzac evolved into largely static trench warfare.  A determined enemy counter-attack forced them back to the junction where they remained until 28 April when they were ordered into reserve on the beach. The plan was to attack with the battalion's four companies advancing side-by-side from the north-east to attack from behind the German defences, sweeping down on the village like a fan with the left-most company providing flank protection and establishing a series of posts to stop the garrison from escaping while the two centre and the right-most companies took the village. A small group of men crossed the road and attempted to provide covering fire for the platoon. It is of the ‘Trooping the Colour’ Parade by the 2nd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment. In May 2006, 2 RAR's headquarters, support company and a rifle company deployed to Iraq as part of the third rotation of the Al Muthanna Task Group. Here, Australian soldiers took part in their last engagement of the war; the armistice declared only one day later.  The evacuation, which has been described as "more brilliantly conducted ... than any other phase of the campaign", took place in stages, and with the maintenance of secrecy a key consideration, a series of "ruses" were used to conceal the withdrawal.  Following this they were involved in the advance through Chipilly and Lihons, remaining in reserve until 11 August.  The following month INTERFET began transferring responsibility to the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET).  They remained linked until 17 December 1945, when they were disbanded as part of the demobilisation process. 2 RAR was first formed as the Australian 66th Battalion in 1945 and since then it has seen active service during the Korean War, Malayan Emergency and Vietnam War. The unit embarked for Korea on 5 March 1953 on board the MV New Australia, arriving on 17 March 1953. The 2nd Commando Regimentis a special forcesunit of the Australian Army, and is part of Special Operations Command. Owens (1941–1942), Lieutenant Colonel G.W. , In April, 2 RAR relieved 1 RAR and became part of the 28th British Commonwealth Brigade, attached to the 1st Commonwealth Division.  Following this, although several units from I Anzac Corps took part in a number of raids against the German line during late June and early July, the 2nd Battalion was not involved and as such, apart from experiencing some enemy shelling, the 2nd Battalion's first significant action came at Pozières in July 1916. According to historian Robert O'Neill, since both 5 RAR and 6 RAR were the first battalions of the Royal Australian Regiment 'to be composed of a mixture of regulars and national servicemen, their formation and development was a particularly vital experiment for this was to be the model for the infantry battalions of the Army from then onwards'. Balanced against this, the battalion was credited with having killed 297 VC and captured a further 23.  Minor skirmishing continued after this, but by 6:00 am the village had been captured and 200 prisoners taken, for a loss to the 2nd Battalion of eight officers and 173 other ranks killed or wounded. , Between August 1994 and August 1995 two contingents of Australian soldiers were deployed to Rwanda as part of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR). , In October 2001, 2 RAR returned to East Timor, known as AUSBATT V of UNTAET, taking over from 4 RAR and serving a relatively uneventful tour, handing over to 3 RAR(Para) in April 2002..  Operations in Phuoc Tuy continued until 25 April 1968 when the Battalion was deployed to the Bien Hoa–Long Khanh border to undertake Operation Toan Tang. The first resulted in one officer being shot while attempting to enter a German trench, while the second resulted in another being shot by an Australian sentry who had not been warned that a patrol had gone out. , After this, the battalion continued operations throughout August and into September. TAYLOR, Jeremy Hepworth (MC) Major, 4th Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment (4RAR), Australian Army. , Total 2 RAR casualties for both tours were 32 killed and 182 wounded. Following the conclusion of hostilities, the battalion was disbanded in early 1919 as part of the demobilisation process. Inherited by the 2nd Battalion from the 2/2nd Battalion (2nd AIF) in 1961.  At noon the following day, they launched a larger attack with artillery and mortar support, destroying two German outposts to the south of the village, killing eight Germans and capturing 22 others. , The battalion was re-raised in Newcastle, New South Wales, in May 1921 as part the re-organisation of the Australian military that took place at that time, with the battalion becoming a part-time unit of the Citizens Forces, assigned to the 8th Brigade of the 2nd Military District. SMITH , Harry Arthur (SG, MC) Lieutenant Colonel, Parachute Training School, Australian Army.  Many of these operations were conducted as an independent unit, while others were conducted with the support of other 1 ATF units. , In September 1999, Australia deployed a brigade-sized combat element to East Timor as part of the UN sanctioned International Force – East Timor (INTERFET) that was deployed in order to restore law and order and end the widespread violence and destruction that had broken out following a referendum in August that had shown overwhelming support for independence from Indonesia. Ultimately, the August Offensive, of which the fighting at Lone Pine had been a part, failed to deliver the Sari Bair heights to the British Empire forces and their allies, nor did it break the deadlock.  The first contingent drew security personnel from 'A' Company, 2/4 RAR and was deployed between August 1994 and February 1995. , The battalion's next major action came in mid-September when they were committed to the fighting around Menin Road, which formed part of the wider Third Battle of Ypres, in a supporting role.  The second tour was focused mainly upon 'pacification', which sought to provide security of the struggling South Vietnamese state by seeking out and destroying the VC in their bases areas and isolating them from the ordinary civilian population. The regiment was established on 19 June 2009 when the 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (Commando)was renamed. , There were no further attacks and the armistice came into effect the following day. Killing seven Germans, they overcame the enemy resistance and brought back two defenders as prisoners. , After a brief period of rest, they returned to the line near Broodseinde on 1 October, taking up a position near Molenaarelsthoek, on the right of I Anzac's position for the upcoming battle. 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment, Townsville, Queensland. Bell, RFD (1986–1987).  For the next twenty months the battalion would continue to conduct similar operations – known as Operations Shark North and Rubberlegs – mainly in Perak, which was considered to be one of the main areas of Communist activity. It is based at Holsworthy, New South Wales.  In early October, the rest of the Australian Corps, severely depleted due to heavy casualties and falling enlistments in Australia, was also withdrawn upon a request made by Prime Minister Billy Hughes, to re-organise in preparation for further operations. The award of "Herbertshohe" was made because many 2nd Battalion soldiers served in the. , During this time contacts were very limited, and the most intense action came on 22 June 1956 when a five-man patrol from 2 RAR was ambushed by a group of Communists near the Sungei Bemben reservoir. Following the, This battalion consisted of five companies, each of which had been formed from a battalion-level formation. This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 05:27. , The second contingent remained in Rwanda until August 1995 when it was withdrawn from the war torn country and the Australian commitment ended. The Royal Australian Infantry Corps (RA Inf) is the parent corps for all infantry regiments in the Australian Army.  A few days later detachments from all three RAR battalions paraded at Camp Casey near Tongduchon, South Korea, the first time that the Royal Australian Regiment had paraded as a whole.  For a brief period during December, Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Blamey commanded the battalion before taking over as acting commander of the 1st Brigade. , Due to a delay in obtaining Australian government approval to conduct operations against the Communist terrorists, 2 RAR did not commence operations until 1 January 1956 when the battalion was involved in Operation Deuce, which was a search and security operation in Kedah that was to last until the end of April when 2 RAR was relieved by the 1st Battalion, Royal Malay Regiment. 2 RAR was formed originally as the 66th Battalion at the end of World War II on 16 October 1945 as a regular infantry force raised from volunteers from the 9th Division for service with the British Commonwealth Occupation Force in Japan.  It is to be responsible for reconnoitring and seizing beaches, helicopter landing zones and airfields for the Australian Amphibious Force's main ground combat element.  One of the 2nd Battalion's platoons, under Lieutenant Leslie Morshead, advanced further than any other Australian unit, making it to the slopes of Baby 700, before a determined counter-attack by Ottoman forces drove them back in the afternoon.  Finally, on 8 December, the order to begin the evacuation was given. 2 RAR's rifle companies were deployed to Balibo by helicopter on 1 October, while the rest of the battalion arrived the next day. At this stage of the war, a static phase had developed. , On 6 October, in concert with three parties from the 1st Battalion, the 2nd carried out a minor raid on a German position to the north-east of a position known as "The Bluff" in order to gain intelligence. , In April 1995, there was a serious outbreak of violence in one of the refugee camps that 2 RAR personnel were based at. Sergeant Thomas Brew, no 714, was responsible for the reorganisation of the left-centre company and was recommended and subsequently awarded a Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) for his actions. The Malayan Emergency 1948 -1960. 16th September 2019 More of our digitisation converting VHS tapes that were previously on old projector film, to a video file. The Second Battalion Royal Australian Regiment has 992 members. The battalion was stationed primarily at Hiro as part of 34th Brigade from February 1946 to December 1948, when they returned to Australia. The 5th Battalion was formed at Holsworthy, New South Wales on 1 March 1965.  As the Germans attempted to force the Australians back, the 2nd Battalion was moved around a number of times to shore up the line, until units of the 5th Division came up to relieve those of the 1st Brigade on 8 May. , On 9 July 1953 the battalion relieved the 1st Battalion, The King's Regiment around a feature known as 'The Hook' on the left flank of the 1st Commonwealth Division. , The Australian Army abandoned the Pentropic divisional structure in 1965, and in an attempt to restore some of the regional ties of the State-based regiments, a number of the regional companies of the State-based regiments were split and used to form new battalions with their traditional numerical designations. The 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (2 RAR) is an amphibious light infantry battalion of the Australian Army part of the 1st Division Amphibious Task Group based at Lavarack Barracks in Townsville. As an Australian patrol from 'C' Company advanced towards the border Indonesian military, police, and militia forces opened fire upon the lead platoon and the Australians returned fire, resulting in a number of Indonesian casualties. Australian Army drone racers have placed third and fourth in the world at the inaugural X-Class World Invitational Championships. S.L.M.  The battalion entered the line on the night of 19/20 July as the 1st was sent forward to relieve the British 68th Brigade along with the 3rd Brigade; just after midnight the 2nd Battalion, after an approach march over which they had endured gas attack, arrived at its position opposite the south-western side of the village. , On 27 September, 'D' Company, 2 RAR, conducted an airmobile operation into Liquica, west of Dili, before the battalion returned to the capital to continue the task of making the city safe. , In August, having gained the initiative, the Allies launched their own offensive commencing at Amiens on 8 August 1918, where the battalions of the 1st Brigade were attached temporarily to the 4th Division, to act as its reserve, guarding the river crossing at Cerisy. At this point, they came under fire from a low hill on the western outskirts of the village, which took them in the flank and pinned them on its slope.  In order to reflect the change, the Citizen Forces was renamed the "Militia" at this time.  As a result of the setback, many of the strategic goals that had been the basis of the campaign were abandoned and as a bitter winter set-in in November, there was much debate among the British high command about the utility of continuing the campaign. The birth of the Royal Australian Regiment dates back to a decision made by the Australian Government to raise a force for duties in Japan at the end of World War 2. Their covering force was already in position, however, and so a number of the attacking force joined them and together, at 6:30 pm, after a box barrage by the artillery had cut the wire in front of the German position, they entered it.  For his leadership under fire, Corporal Paul Teong, commander of the lead section in the forward platoon during the contact, was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal.  Under the auspices of the United Nations Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI), a two hundred strong reinforced company group based on 2 RAR was deployed to help support civilian police re-establish law and order as part of Operation Anode.. At the same time, two companies from the 3rd Battalion would attack the German main defensive position from the south-west.  Following up the Germans, the Allies advanced towards this line, finding that the Germans had adopted a scorched earth policy as they had moved back; the result of this was that in order to establish their own lines, the Allies had to undertake significant construction work. This began late on 18 May with the heaviest artillery bombardment of the campaign to that point, during which the 2nd Battalion's orderly room, located on "MacLaurin's Hill", was hit.  Three Australians were killed in this incident and three others were wounded and as other Australian patrols converged on the area a firefight ensued in which two of the attackers were killed before the others broke contact and dispersed. This included the Battle of Doan as well as many other engagements with the Taliban. They were subsequently relieved shortly afterwards on the night of 22/23 September by troops from the 14th Brigade, as fresh divisions were brought up to continue the attack at Polygon Wood.  Advancing beneath the supporting barrage, under the direction of their officers whose job it was to ensure that they did not get ahead of the creeping artillery, the battalion probed forward trying to locate the enemy defences, finally finding an abandoned trench located amongst a group of tree stumps. The 3rd Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.Originally raised as part of the First Australian Imperial Force for service during World War I, the battalion formed part of the 1st Brigade, attached to the 1st Division.It was formed shortly after the war broke out and was among the first Australian units to be sent overseas, arriving in Egypt in December 1914. They remained in existence until 1929 when, due to austerity measures during the Great Depression and manpower shortages, the battalion was amalgamated with two other infantry battalions over the course of a number of re-organisations. The 2nd Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army. From September 2007 to May 2008, elements of the battalion deployed to Afghanistan on Operation Slipper as part of RTF-3.  This did not last long, however, as the battalion returned to Australia shortly afterwards in October 1957, to a large welcome home parade in Sydney.  In August 1962 they were committed to anti-Communist operations in Perlis and Kedah once more, searching for the remnants of the Communist terrorists along the Thai-Malay border. For his actions, he was later awarded the Victoria Cross. As Command, communications and logistics elements from the 81st infantry Regiment was! 2011, the 2nd Battalion, Royal Tasmania Regiment and 8th/7th Battalion, the brigades rotated through the into... [ 156 ] before amalgamation, the Battalion was afforded the motto Nulli Secundus remained linked until 17 1945... Number of units strength of an Australian infantry Battalion of the Australian divisions remained around Messines, where they a..., between late April and July, a period of re-organisation 160 German divisions on the back. And initiative during our attack on the way back, several of own! The 2/2nd Battalion ( Australia ) ( 1965–1968 ), Brigadier the Hon 1916... 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