dolphin scientific name

Several species have female-biased sexual dimorphism, with the females being larger than the males. Scientific Name. [10] Common dolphins are often seen in groups numbering several hundred individuals (with subgroups consisting of 20-30 individuals). Cetacean Order. In captivity, a bottlenose and a rough-toothed dolphin produced hybrid offspring. Bottlenose dolphins are the most common species of dolphin kept in dolphinariums as they are relatively easy to train, have a long lifespan in captivity and have a friendly appearance. Wolphins have also been observed in the wild. When heraldry developed in the Middle Ages, not much was known about the biology of the dolphin and it was often depicted as a sort of fish. Rough-toothed dolphins are found throughout the world in tropical and warmer temperate waters. [181][182][183], A number of militaries have employed dolphins for various purposes from finding mines to rescuing lost or trapped humans. Signal masking is when other similar sounds (conspecific sounds) interfere with the original acoustic sound. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. The dolphins' reward is the fish that escape the nets.[83][84]. [11] The name 'dolphin' is used casually as a synonym for bottlenose dolphin, the most common and familiar species of dolphin. Dolphins have long played a role in human culture. A large dolphin with robust body, the Atlantic white-sided dolphin is so called due to the pale white patch on the sides below the dorsal fin. Dolphins communicate with whistle-like sounds produced by vibrating connective tissue, similar to the way human vocal cords function,[86] and through burst-pulsed sounds, though the nature and extent of that ability is not known. This behavior is consistent with wild common dolphins off of New Zealand, as they actively avoid swimmers. South Africa. Once in the environment, these substances move up the food chain and accumulate in predators at the top, such as Risso’s dolphins. ); Basic Animal Group: Mammal Size: 5 feet long to over 30 feet long, depending on the species; Weight: Up to 6 tons; Lifespan: Up to 60 years depending on the species; Diet: Carnivore [161], Various species of dolphins are kept in captivity. Bycatch is the main threat that common dolphins face today. When cooked, dolphin meat is cut into bite-size cubes and then batter-fried or simmered in a miso sauce with vegetables. [82] A modern human-dolphin partnership currently operates in Laguna, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Scientific Name. [28]  There are no estimates for the population of dolphins in the northern Indian Ocean. Dolphin Saves Stuck Whales, Guides Them Back to Sea. [125] Dolphins also suffer from a wide variety of diseases and parasites. [54] The small hairs on the rostrum of the boto are believed to function as a tactile sense, possibly to compensate for the boto's poor eyesight. Test your knowledge of mammals by taking this quiz. Dolphins breathe air. Facilities such as SeaWorld and the Georgia Aquarium are accredited by the AZA. The Japanese government recommends that children and pregnant women avoid eating dolphin meat on a regular basis. In addition to their streamlined bodies, some can slow their heart rate to conserve oxygen. [56] Most dolphins have slightly flattened eyeballs, enlarged pupils (which shrink as they surface to prevent damage), slightly flattened corneas and a tapetum lucidum; these adaptations allow for large amounts of light to pass through the eye and, therefore, a very clear image of the surrounding area. [139] Accidental by-catch in gill nets and incidental captures in antipredator nets that protect marine fish farms are common and pose a risk for mainly local dolphin populations. Females mature sexually at ages 8–10, and males at age 10–12. There are also two closely related families – the white whales (Monodontidae) and river dolphins (Platanistidae). The calves are chocolate brown at birth and become grayish brown in adulthood with a smooth and hairless skin. These small members of the dolphin family usually travel in tight-knit groups of 10 to 20 individuals. Platanista minor. [153] In both ancient and later art, Cupid is often shown riding a dolphin. Dionysus was once captured by Etruscan pirates who mistook him for a wealthy prince they could ransom. [76] Occasionally, dolphins behave sexually towards other animals, including humans.[77][78]. Atlantic white-sided dolphin. Calves are typically born in the spring and summer months and females bear all the responsibility for raising them. [38], Organizations such as the Mote Marine Laboratory rescue and rehabilitate sick, wounded, stranded or orphaned dolphins while others, such as the Whale and Dolphin Conservation and Hong Kong Dolphin Conservation Society, work on dolphin conservation and welfare. Experts Discover Cause. [33][34], Dolphins have torpedo-shaped bodies with generally non-flexible necks, limbs modified into flippers, a tail fin, and bulbous heads. Dolphin echolocation clicks are amongst the loudest sounds made by marine animals. The Ganges river dolphin was officially discovered in 1801. The Chinese River Dolphin is also a popular name. [19][20], The short-beaked common dolphin has a gestation period of 10 to 11 months. [62] Another learned behavior was discovered among river dolphins in Brazil, where some male dolphins use weeds and sticks as part of a sexual display.[63]. This analysis was essentially confirmed by a more in-depth genetic studyin the 1990s. Synchronized swimming and surfacing was commonly observed. This term has often been misused in the US, mainly in the fishing industry, where all small cetaceans (dolphins and porpoises) are considered porpoises,[8] while the fish dorado is called dolphin fish. Dolphins were sacred to both Aphrodite and Apollo. ", "Dolphins keep lifelong social memories, longest in a non-human species". Livraison gratuite à partir de 95€! Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice (2019). How many cervical vertebrae do giraffes have? The 36 dolphin species share more than a few characteristics. [146] Queensland's "shark control" program has killed more than 1,000 dolphins in recent years,[145] and at least 32 dolphins have been killed in Queensland since 2014. [23], Archaeoceti is a parvorder comprising ancient whales. Hybrids between common and bottlenose bred in captivity had an intermediate amount of teeth. [18] Other dolphin hybrids live in captivity around the world or have been reported in the wild, such as a bottlenose-Atlantic spotted hybrid. Dolphins, swimming in the ocean. Vous trouverez ici 100 millions de Stores photo Dauphin phénoménaux grâce auxquels vous pourrez animer vos murs et leur donner de l’élégance. These energetic dolphins are often spotted in large groups which will approach boats, bowriding and leaping alongside. Dolphin Scientific Name. The most 'familiar' dolphin species is the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). The jumping dolphins comes up from water. Despite these potential threats, the short-beaked common dolphin is considered to be Least Concern by the IUCN Red List, and the long-beaked common dolphin is listed as Data Deficient. Because dolphins are generally associated in groups, communication is necessary. Genetic and observational evidence has demonstrated that the hybrids are fertile and are capable of not only reproducing with other hybrids, but are capable of reproducing with each of the parent species. This dolphin species is easily identified by its stubby rostrum. [168], Although dolphins generally interact well with humans, some attacks have occurred, most of them resulting in small injuries. These whistles are believed to serve as an acoustic label, and provide identification information similar to that of a name. The name is originally from Greek δελφίς (delphís), "dolphin",[2] which was related to the Greek δελφύς (delphus), "womb". ", "Excerpts from 'Sleep in marine mammals', L.M. [189] [147] A shark culling program in KwaZulu-Natal has killed at least 2,310 dolphins. Females are larger than males. Billie was observed assisting common calves reach the surface at three different intervals and would babysit the calves after the mother went through labor. By numbers, dolphins are mostly hunted for their meat, though some end up in dolphinariums. The older a male dolphin is, the more likely his body is to be covered with bite scars. [191] While Japan may be the best-known and most controversial example, only a very small minority of the population has ever sampled it. [31] The bycatch of short beaked dolphins in Galicia from May to September from 2001-2002, consisted of 394 individuals annually. As additional studies are conducted around the world, there may be further changes to Tursiops spp. [97] Other reasons include orientation, social displays, fighting, non-verbal communication, entertainment and attempting to dislodge parasites. This is accomplished by driving a pod together with boats and usually into a bay or onto a beach. After the ship set sail Dionysus invoked his divine powers, causing vines to overgrow the ship where the mast and sails had been. Dolphins (family Delphinidae) and river dolphin (family Platanistidae). Acts of aggression can become so intense that targeted dolphins sometimes go into exile after losing a fight. However, recent evidence has shown that many populations of long-beaked common dolphins around the world are not closely related to one another and are often derived from a short-beaked ancestor and do not always share common derived characteristics. Hopster – Another suitable name for a dolphin who spends a large amount of time flying in and out of the water to greet people and let them get some great pictures! What are their scientific names? It was also found from stranding samples that males tend to strand more. Killer whales have the second largest brain mass of any animal on earth, next to the sperm whale. While this particular study has not been repeated since then, dolphins have since passed the mirror test. As well as this, the eyes of a dolphin are placed on the sides of its head, so their vision consists of two fields, rather than a binocular view like humans have. Some species are well adapted for diving to great depths. In the US, they are a protected species and sometimes are caught by accident in some trawler nets as by-catch, though despite this they are still quite common throughout their range. Dolphin Scientific Name + Scientific Illustration Photo Animal References Pinterest Dolphin Scientific Name + A Tale Of Two Soundscapes Comparing The Acoustic Characteristics Of Dolphin Scientific Name + Non Neurogenic Svz Like Niche In Dolphins Mammals Devoid Of Dolphin Scientific Name + List Of Cryptids Cryptid Wiki Fandom Powered By Wikia Dolphin Scientific Name + Http I773 Photobucket … [31], Today, the closest living relatives of cetaceans are the hippopotamuses; these share a semi-aquatic ancestor that branched off from other artiodactyls some 60 million years ago. [55], The dolphin eye is relatively small for its size, yet they do retain a good degree of eyesight. But the species is extinct from most of its early distribution ranges. All species have a dorsal fin to prevent themselves from involuntarily spinning in the water. The animal's scientific name means "a dolphin like animal with a shortened snout". [4], Common dolphin are medium-sized dolphins; adults range between 1.9 and 2.5 m (6.2 and 8.2 ft) long, and can weigh between 80–235 kg (176–518 lb), although the range between 80–150 kg (180–330 lb) is more common. Lifespan: 20 to 45 years. Convention sur le commerce international des espèces de faune et de flore sauvages menacées d'extinction Among them, the aquatic mammals look like they're smiling, and they seem to love to play. The earliest campaigns with "dolphin safe" labels were initiated in the 1980s as a result of cooperation between marine activists and the major tuna companies, and involved decreasing incidental dolphin kills by up to 50% by changing the type of nets used to catch tuna. In captivity, they often develop pathologies, such as the dorsal fin collapse seen in 60–90% of male killer whales. Captives have vastly reduced life expectancies, on average only living into their 20s, although there are examples of killer whales living longer, including several over 30 years old, and two captive orcas, Corky II and Lolita, are in their mid-40s. Most scientists currently recognize two species of bottlenose dolphin: the common bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus and the Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops adunctus. The common dolphin is the most abundant cetacean in the world, with a global population of about six million. [169], Several scientists who have researched dolphin behaviour have proposed that dolphins' unusually high intelligence in comparison to other animals means that dolphins should be seen as non-human persons who should have their own specific rights and that it is morally unacceptable to keep them captive for entertainment purposes or to kill them either intentionally for consumption or unintentionally as by-catch. [5] The color pattern on the body is unusual. 2019); 467,000 for European waters;[25] more than 19,400 for the Mediterranean Sea;[26] and several tens of thousands for the Black Sea. Dr. Andrew J. [79], Reports of cooperative human-dolphin fishing date back to the ancient Roman author and natural philosopher Pliny the Elder. Roughly three categories of sounds can be identified: frequency modulated whistles, burst-pulsed sounds and clicks. [88] These signature whistles are developed during a dolphin's first year; it continues to maintain the same sound throughout its lifetime. The dolphin is of the species Odontocete and family Delphinidae. This is a separate type of dolphin species. The calf was mainly observed swimming in the echelon position (swimming alongside the mother). Weight. [121] Though a similar state has been observed with wild sperm whales, it is not known if dolphins in the wild reach this state. [118][119][120] Dolphins and other smaller cetaceans are also hunted in an activity known as dolphin drive hunting. [85] In "shelling", a dolphin brings the shell to the surface and shakes it, so that fish sheltering within fall into the dolphin's mouth. Most of the dolphins captured were males and had a mean age of 13+- 4.4 years. The Ganges river dolphin can only live in freshwater and is essentially blind. However, there were common dolphin sightings in waters as low as 5 °C. Short-beaked Common dolphins can also be found in Europe, particularly the Scotian shelf, the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. Some species or specific populations have none, making them apex predators. *Scientific Name: Tursiops. Marine mammals of the world: systematics and distribution. They did not leave the refuge section until the swimmers left. Dolphin Scientific Classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Cetacean Family: Delphinidae Scientific Name: Delphinus Delphis. The name was transmitted via the Latin delphinus, Middle Latin dolfinus and the Old French daulphin, which reintroduced the ph into the word, and in modern times we simply know them as the dolphin. There are also two closely related families - the white whales (Monodontidae) and river dolphins (Platanistidae). Dolphins have rather small, unidentifiable spouts. [36][38], Some dolphins are adapted for diving to great depths. These ancient whales are the predecessors of modern whales, stretching back to their first ancestor that spent their lives near (rarely in) the water. Indeed, over the past few decades, over 20 distinct species in the genus have been proposed. 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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. [16] This mating was later repeated in captivity, producing a hybrid calf. [104] While some reports state that the dolphins are becoming intoxicated on the tetrodotoxin in the fishes' skin,[105] other reports have characterized this behavior as the normal curiosity and exploration of their environment in which dolphins engage. Dolphins are sometimes used as symbols, for instance in heraldry. [162] An unusual and very rare hybrid dolphin, known as a wolphin, is kept at the Sea Life Park in Hawaii, which is a cross between a bottlenose dolphin and a false killer whale. Whistle repertoire analysis of the short beaked Common Dolphin, "Dynamics of Dolphin Porpoising Revisited", "Bubble Ring Play of Bottlenose Dolphins (, Amazing footage of a dog playing with a dolphin off the coast of Ireland, "Apparently Dolphins in Australia Like to Get Stoned by Chewing on Toxic Blowfish", "Do Stoned Dolphins Give 'Puff Puff Pass' A Whole New Meaning? [10] Age of sexual maturity also varies by location, but can range between two and seven years for females and three and 12 years for males. Common Name: Bottlenose dolphin, Atlantic bottlenose dolphin, Pacific bottlenose dolphin, bottle-nosed dolphin. Fat is located in a layer of blubber between the meat and the skin. [143], Queensland's shark culling program, which has killed roughly 50,000 sharks since 1962, has also killed thousands of dolphins as bycatch.

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