The fruit is an almost-rounded (i.e. Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). Flower white. Zuloaga FO, Morrone O, Belgrano MJ, Marticorena C, Marchesi E, 2008. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. These three species can be distinguished by the following vegetative and reproductive characters (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011): Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. The genus Thunbergia includes about 90 species of ... 2012). Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Traditional uses of these five species as medicinal, ornamental, vegetable, cultural significance and as other uses have also been highlighted in the enumeration section of the paper. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. DOI:10.1111/j.1366-9516.2004.00059.x. 1192 pp. Diversity and Distributions. Thunbergia grandiflora adalah tanaman merambat hijau abadi dari famili Acanthaceae. Smith A C, 1981. Thunbergia fragrans . hastate) bases. Chong KY; Tan HTW; Corlett RT, 2009. Adams C D, 1972. Classification of Acanthaceae. Global Environmental Research, 8(2):171-191. crenate), or almost entire (i.e. Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium. Idárraga-Piedrahita A; Ortiz RDC; Callejas Posada R; Merello M, 2011. Stem and leaves . Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, 79 pp. Hokche O; Berry PE; Huber O, 2008. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Leaves opposite; blades 6.5-11 × 1.8-6 cm, ovate to lanceolate, chartaceous, the apex acute, the base truncate or subcordiform; margins undulate and ciliate; upper surface dark green, glabrous or somewhat scabrous; lower surface pale green, dull, puberulous, with prominent venation; petiole 2-3.5 cm long, slender, pubescent, sulcate, with the base somewhat dilated. Hancock I R, Henderson C P, 1988. In Hawaii, T. fragrans was first collected on Kaua'i in 1916 (Wagner et al. Flowering plants of Jamaica. the Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Hawaii, Niue, Western Samoa, Vanuata and Tonga). Space JC, Waterhouse BM, Newfield M, Bull C, 2004. Acanthaceae. sub-globose) capsule topped with a long, thick, beak (up to 2 cm long). Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department Bulletin 1 (revised):384 pp. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. pubescent) when young. In: Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). It is reported to be restricted to zone 10 and south. PROTA4U web database. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. T. fragrans grows best on fertile soils with good drainage and pH ranging from 6.1 to 7.8 (PROTA, 2014). Online Database. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. Report to the Government of Niue and the United Nations Development Programme: Invasive Plant Species on Niue following Cyclone Heta. Furthermore, Thunbergioideae lack the retinaculate fruits found in most Acanthaceae species, instead possessing either dry and/or dehiscent capsules without retinacula (Borg et al., 2008). Flora Chiapas, [ed. 76 pp. Tumbuhan ini adalah tumbuhan asli China, India, Nepal, Indochina, dan Burma, serta dinaturalisasi secara luas di berbagai tempat lain. Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, 80 pp. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. The slender, green or reddish coloured stems are square in cross-section (i.e. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). (Flora de Antioquia.) The Plant List includes 302 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Thunbergia.Of these 31 are accepted species names. Thunbergia fragrans is a perennial vine, with green, oblong leaves and white flowers, similar in shape to Thunbergia gregorii. Daniel TF, 2010. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the West Indies. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Want to re-post this article? Proceedings of the California Academy of Science, 61:289-377. http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf. Report to the Government of Samoa on invasive plant species of environmental concern., Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. [English title not available]. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Daniel TF, 1995. Daniel TF, 2001. Taxon, 57(3):811-822. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. India Biodiversity, 2014. Space JC; Waterhouse BM; Newfield M; Bull C, 2004. The flower tube is narrow (15-30 mm long) and topped with five broad, white, petal lobes (i.e. Thunbergia fragrans C.Presl Thunbergia fragrans Wall. Western Australia: Prohibited - on the prohibited species list and not permitted entry into the state. Catalog of Guatemalan Acanthaceae: taxonomy, ecology, and conservation. This species has recently been recorded at several locations in the coastal districts of eastern Queensland. ), Panama: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 599 pp. Uses Cultivation. T. fragrans was probably introduced as an ornamental in the Caribbean during the nineteenth century. USDA-ARS, 2014. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. In addition, seeds are available from nurseries on the internet. T. fragrans is an herbaceous vine, twining, 2-3 m in length. ovate) or somewhat triangular with arrow-shaped (i.e. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Mito T, Uesugi T, 2004. In: 4. http://plants.usda.gov/. List of various diseases cured by Thunbergia Grandiflora. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. It is regarded as a potentially significant environmental weed in Queensland (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). In Fiji, T. fragrans grows in thickets, along roadsides, and in coconut plantations near sea level (Smith, 1981). Florida), the Caribbean (e.g. 115-137. riparian areas), urban bushland, disturbed sites, roadsides and plantation crops in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium, 24:51-108. Wu TL, 2001. A Global Compendium of Weeds. The use of this species as an ornamental should be discouraged (Starr et al., 2003; Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, 2011). These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. The purple flowers have a yellow throat and grow to 1 1/4 inches long and may appear characteristic features. Native to the Indian Sub-continent (i.e. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. Diversity and Distributions. It is a fast-growing perennial herbaceous climber. The stems can be 1 - 5 metres long, they scramble over the ground or twine into the surrounding vegetation for support Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. 848 pp. By 1900, I. The slender, green or reddish coloured stems are square in cross-section (i.e. 1-158. Vines and climbing plants of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. 1). Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation, unpaginated. Roxburghia rostrata Russell Roxburghia rostrata Russell ex Nees Homonyms Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. In Hawaii, T. fragrans is a common weed in moist disturbed lowland areas (Wagner et al., 1999). Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Washington, USA: Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Thunbergia fragrans. Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press. Tropical ornamentals. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Robust vine. The subfamily Thunbergioideae comprise five genera, the largest of which, Thunbergia, contains about 100 species restricted to tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Madagascar, Asia, and Australia (McDade et al., 2000; Borg et al., 2008). Flora of the Solomon Islands. In Jamaica and Puerto Rico, this species has been recorded flowering and fruiting throughout the year (Adams, 1972; Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005). Thunbergia is a genus of flowering plants native to tropical regions of Africa, Madagascar and southern Asia.. Its members are known by various names, including Thunbergias and Clockvine. it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Thunbergia fragrans Name Synonyms Meyenia longiflora Benth. In: Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85 1-246. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. [Proceedings of the California Academy of Science], 61 289-377. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland., Australia: The University of Queensland and Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries. Broome R; Sabir K; Carrington S, 2007. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Weeds of the Pacific Islands. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. San Francisco, USA: California Academy of Sciences, 1-158. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is native to India and other parts of Asia. (Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay)). Villaseñor JL; Espinosa-Garcia FJ, 2004. its oppositely arranged leaves (4-10 cm long and 3-5 cm wide) have arrow-shaped bases and slightly lobed to almost entire margins. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. angel wings, angelwings, fragrant thunbergia, sweet clock vine, sweet clock-vine, sweet clockvine, thunbergia, white clockvine, white lady, white thunbergia, whitelady An excellent book, giving information on over 200 plants, their medicinal compounds and applications. Within its native distribution range (i.e., India and China), T. fragrans grows in thickets, forest borders, roadsides and scrub jungles from 400-2300 m (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; India Biodiversity, 2014). For effective control, apply the herbicide when the plant is actively growing (Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, 2011). National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/pohreports/thunbergia_fragrans.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Daniel TF, 2005. These species can be distinguished by the following differences: Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Chong KY, Tan HTW, Corlett RT, 2009. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Flora of the Solomon Islands. San Francisco, USA: California Academy of Sciences. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Catalog of Acanthaceae in El Salvador. Flora of Antioquia. The Plant List includes a further 9 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Thunbergia.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. 273 pp. Common name(s) White Thunbergia, Fragrant Thunbergia (CLASS 1) Flower colour; life form. 4. Hancock IR; Henderson CP, 1988. Check List of Hong Kong Plants. Propagation is from stem cuttings or shoots from the tuberous roots. It is a long-blooming vine in cultivation. Figure 5: Thunbergia grandiflora. Correa A, Galdames MDC, Stapf MNS, 2004. Flowering plants of Jamaica. Space JC; Flynn T, 2001. Flowers trumpet-shaped, corolla white to about 7 cm long. Calyx green, of 15-20 sepals, lanceolate, 3-5 mm long; corolla white, infundibuliform, with 5 lobes, the tube 2.5-4 cm long, narrow at the base, yellow inside, the limb 4-5 cm in diameter. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Thunbergia on its own usually refers to Thunbergia grandiflora, while Thunbergia alata is often known as Black-eyed Susan Vine or just Black-eyed Susan. Thunbergia grandiflora can be used as a medicinal plant, a green manure, for poles, hedges and for fuelwood. var. Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. var. Brit. these flowers have a narrow tube and have five broad petal lobes. India 4: 391. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Invasive weedy angiosperms in Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia. Special qualities: Tolerates drought no Tolerates high humidity no Tolerates seaside conditions no Insect resistant no Disease resistant no Deer resistant no Best uses Symbiosis Attracts butterflies no Attracts hummingbirds no Autumn foliage no Colorful berries no Desirable qualities Other interest Other interest color Other interest period This herbicide should be applied in a ratio of 7.5 ml/L water. The mobile application of Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes. Meyer J Y, Lavergne C, 2004. lanceolate) in shape. Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands), the Mascarenes (i.e. Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. PIER, 2014. In the West Indies, this species grows as a weed in disturbed areas and along forest edges (Adams, 1972; Broome et al., 2007; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012). Hawaii, USA: US Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. In: Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department Bulletin, 1 384. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html. Names of Thunbergia Grandiflora in various languages of the world are also given. Barbados: University of the West Indies. Visit our guidelines.Traditional uses of medicinal plants by native people in Nawarangpur district, Odisha, India Reference(s) Traditional uses of medicinal plants by native people in Nawarangpur district, Odisha, India by N. Distribution Nepal, China, India, Burma, Indochina, Australia and America. Online Portal of India Biodiversity., http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Smith AC, 1981. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Common name: Bengal trumpet vine, Bengal clock vine, Sky vine, and Sky flower Height: About 15 meter Plant type: Perennial climbing plant Root system Tuberous a vine or creeper with slender four-angled stems that are somewhat hairy when young. laevis (Nees) Clarke in Hook. Negative: On Sep 27, 2010, eliasastro from Athens, Greece (Zone 10a) wrote: Very fast growing, it covers everything on it's way and looks weedy. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. According to Brickell and Zuk (1997), Thunbergia species are susceptible to spider mites, whiteflies, and scale insects. Weeds of the Pacific Islands. [Invasive species and their management.]. In most cases, this species has been intentionally introduced as an ornamental and it has escaped from cultivation and naturalized in both relatively unaltered and disturbed forests, riversides, roadsides and urban bushland (Starr et al., 2003; Meyer and Lavergne, 2004; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). Lo) H.P. Space JC, Flynn T, 2001. 818 pp. A low-growing, slender-stemmed, spreading creeper or climbing vine. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. Seeds for sale starting at â¬ 5.40. [English title not available]. ovate) or somewhat elongated (i.e. to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. sub-entire). In many places it is considered as an invasive species. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. 7. Each flower is subtended by two leafy bracts (13-15 mm long) that are either egg-shaped in outline (i.e. General Information Black-eyed Susan is a climbing, perennial plant producing one or more annual stems from a woody rootstock. This species reproduces by seeds and also vegetatively via fragments of stems and roots. 10 (2), 113-123. axils). Cui, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Benefits from human association (i.e. McDade LA; Masta SE; Moody ML; Waters E, 2000. (Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela)., Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela. quadrangular) and somewhat hairy (i.e. Species in the genus Thunbergia have bisexual, zygomorphic, axillary, and usually solitary flowers (Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005). Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Vine Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Correa A; Galdames MDC; Stapf MNS, 2004. Josekutty PC, Wakuk EE, Joseph MJ, 2002. The family Acanthaceae includes about 221 genera and 4000 species widespread in both New and Old World Tropics (Scotland and Vollesen, 2000; Stevens, 2012). Variation in the shape, size, pubescence, and margin form of the leaves is extensive in T. fragrans, and taxa have been recognized based on these characters (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. It is a fast-growing vine which has been intentionally introduced as an ornamental in many tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions where it has escaped and naturalized becoming a serious threat for native plant communities (Starr et al., 2003; Meyer and Lavergne, 2004). Hokche O, Berry PE, Huber O, 2008. Leaves opposite, more or less triangular. Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. Flowering occurs throughout the year, but mostly during summer and autumn. Micronesica Supplement, 6:61-65. Acanthaceae. (Catalogo de Plantas Vasculares de Panama)., Panama: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Molecular phylogenetics and morphological evolution of Thunbergioideae (Acanthaceae). T. fragrans dies to the ground for the winter but returns every summer in Gainesville FL z9a, and produces flowers right up until frost. Figure 4: Thunbergia fragrans. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. The PLANTS Database. Flora Chiapas [ed. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Meyer JY; Lavergne C, 2004. unpaginated. In Australia, flowering occurs throughout the year, but is most abundant during summer and autumn (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Myanmar, Cambodia and Vietnam) and China. PIER, 2014. Considering that T. fragrans spreads sexually by seeds and vegetatively by cuttings, stem fragments, and roots, the likelihood of invading and colonizing new habitats remains high. by Breedlove, D. E.]. In Australia, T. fragrans grows as a weed in riverbanks (i.e., riparian vegetation), closed forests, forest margins, plantation crops, roadsides, urban bushland, disturbed sites and waste areas in tropical and subtropical habitats (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Zuloaga FO; Morrone O; Belgrano MJ; Marticorena C; Marchesi E, 2008. It is able to grow beneath closed forests (i.e., shaded areas) as well as in areas with full-sunlight exposure (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011; PROTA, 2014). along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. Leaves 6-8 x 4-6 cm, ovate, entire, apex acute, base truncate to subcordate, 5-ribbed, scabrid; petiole 4 cm long. 55, 584 pp. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition. Invasive weedy angiosperms in Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia. > 10°C, Cold average temp. The white, tubular flowers (4-6 cm across) are borne singly or in pairs on stalks (i.e. Flowers axillary, solitary or in pairs; pedicels pubescent, 5-7 cm long, striate; bracts green, membranaceous, ovate, pubescent, 1.6-2 cm long, covering the calyx. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Online Database. Thunbergia fragrans is a cold tender species in most of the Coastal Southeast. Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium, 23:115-137. , 2012. 51-108. USDA-ARS, 2014. Plant Name. climbing habit (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS), white flower with five spreading petal lobes (Photo: Chris Gardiner), tubular flower from side-on with a pair of leafy bracts at the base (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of flower (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS), immature fruit with a round base and elongated beak (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of immature fruit with small persistent sepals (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up ofÂ seedsÂ (Photo:Â Tracey Slotta at USDA PLANTS Database), angel wings, angelwings, fragrant thunbergia, sweet clock vine, sweet clock-vine, sweet clockvine, thunbergia, white clockvine, white lady, white thunbergia, whitelady. T. fragrans is native to India, Southeastern Asia and Malesia (Daniel, 2010; USDA-ARS, 2014). pentstemonoides (Nees) T. Anderson, Thunbergia coccinea Wall., Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. ect. Beautés fatales: Acanthaceae species as invasive alien plants on tropical Indo-Pacific islands. Thunbergia fragrans. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 107:1-3348. Balick MJ; Nee M; Atha DE, 2000. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. Mauritius and La RÃ©union) and on several Pacific islands (e.g. These stems bear pairs of oppositely arranged leaves that have stalks (i.e. Urban listed this species as “spontaneous” for the islands of Cuba, Jamaica, St. Thomas, St. Croix, Puerto Rico, Guadeloupe, Martinique, St. Vincent, Barbados and Trinidad in his Symbolae Antillanae. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 51:483 pp. T. fragrans is included in the Global Compendium of Weeds where is listed as an “environmental weed,” and it is also listed as invasive in Australia, Japan, Singapore, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Hawaii and French Polynesia among others (Meyer and Lavergne, 2004; Mito and Uesugi, 2004; Chong et al., 2009; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011; Oviedo-Prieto et al., 2012; PIER, 2014). Botanical database of the Nadeaud Herbarium of French Polynesia. It is a slender vine that resembles T. alata in size and growth habit. Daniel T F, 2001. It is widely grown as a garden ornamentaland wall covering in Kenya. Wu & H.S. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Thunbergia fragrans (Chimine) in Talakona forest, AP W IMG 8508.jpg 481 × 600; 136 KB Thunbergia fragrans 01.JPG 3,076 × 1,924; 1.11 MB Thunbergia fragrans 02.JPG 3,648 × 2,600; 1.74 MB The species T. alata, T.fragrans, and T. laurifolia have also been described as invasive species in ... and is commonly planted to cover fences and walls in gardens in warm climates. Thunbergia laurifolia is a popular ornamental plant in tropical gardens. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. In: Technical paper No. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. > 10°C, Cold average temp. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Florence J, Chevillotte H, Ollier C, Meyer JY, 2013. Catalog of Guatemalan Acanthaceae: taxonomy, ecology, and conservation. This species is declared under legislation in the following states and territories: For information on the management of this species see the following resources: Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is relatively similar to blue trumpet vine (Thunbergia grandiflora), laurel clock vine (Thunbergia laurifolia) and black-eyed Susan (Thunbergia alata), and very similar to native thunbergia (Thunbergia arnhemica). Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Catalogue of vascular plants of Panama (Catalogo de Plantas Vasculares de Panama. The genus Thunbergia is named after the Swedish botanist and explorer, Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1822). Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. They have margins that vary from being slightly lobed, to toothed (i.e. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85:1-246. It is recorded in the US National Herbarium from collections made in 1845 on St Thomas Island (US Virgin Islands), in 1874 in Trinidad, and in 1885 in Puerto Rico. 2. Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. The flowers are about 2 cm wide and have a subtle, cream-colored center instead of the black-eyed one of the Thunbergia alata. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland. All rights reserved. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji. Thunbergia erecta1 Edward F. Gilman2 Introduction Thunbergia erecta is a vigorous, woody shrub from Tropical Africa that grows to about 6-feet-tall and wide (Fig. Scientific Name: Thunbergia fragrans Synonym: Thunbergia volubilis Common Names: White Lady, Whitelady, White Thunbergia, Sweet Clock-vine, White Clock-vine Plant Characteristics. vestita Nees. Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. India Biodiversity, 2014. Report to the Government of Samoa on invasive plant species of environmental concern. Wagner WI, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999. Stems cylindrical, striate, slender, puberulous. fragrans, Thunbergia grandiflora Roxb., Thunbergia hossei Clarke, Thunbergia laurifolia Lindl., Thunbergia similis Craib, Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. Catalog of Acanthaceae in El Salvador. Catalog of Honduran Acanthaceae with taxonomic and phytogeographic notes. In the case of T. fragrans, pollinators are unknown, but based on floral traits the species could be considered entomophilous (Starr et al., 2003). It grows and flowers well in part shade in any reasonably moist soil. Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, 860 pp. The risk of introduction of T. fragrans is very high. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide, T. fragrans is an herbaceous fast-growing vine widely cultivated as an ornamental in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, but it is also a common weed in moist disturbed areas, in particular along roadsides (. Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is regarded as a potentially significant environmental weed in Queensland. Whistler WA, 2000. Adams CD, 1972. In: Micronesica Supplement, 6 61-65. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 2005. It is most often grown on trellises and fences, hanging baskets, and as a ground cover in gardens (Wagner et al., 1999; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011; PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014). 860 pp. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Volume 2. Wagner WI; Herbst DR; Sohmer SH, 1999. T. fragrans is an herbaceous vine, twining, 2-3 m in length. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. T. fragrans has been widely used as an ornamental for its attractive flowers (Starr et al., 2003; Meyer and Lavergne, 2004). Honiara, Solomon Islands: Dodo Creek Research Station. ... in their chemical structure may be responsible for their biological activities and hence justifies their nutritive and medicinal uses Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. as an ornamental), with stem fragments and seeds subsequently being spread in dumped garden waste. Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka), south-eastern Asia (i.e. Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and new regulations for prevention of their adverse effects. Thunbergia fragrans. Daniel TF, 2010. Technical paper No. f., Fl. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. A vine with dark green, entire leaves and fragrant white flowers, widespread in tropical Asia. hainanensis (C.Y. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, CABI, Undated. How Thunbergia Grandiflora is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Seeds and plant fragments can be spread in dumped garden waste, and by water, soil movement, garden tools, and vehicles (Starr et al., 2003; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). Leaf blades (4-12 cm long and 3-5 cm wide) are egg-shaped in outline (i.e. var. Key words: Thunbergia, Distribution, Traditional uses, Assam INTRODUCTION Thunbergia named in 1780 by Retzius, in the honours of Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828), a This article is copyrighted by Ital is Vital, 2020. In Australia, T. fragrans is considered a species of “recent introduction” and by the year 2011 this species had been recorded at several locations in the coastal districts of eastern Queensland (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011).
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