constitutional court judgements

Further, it was contented by the apex court that this form of Talaq is arbitrary and violates the fundamental rights as enshrined under Article 14 of the Indian Constitution. CCZ 15/18) [2018] ZWCC 3 (28 May 2018); Isoquant Invetsments (Private) Limited t/a Zimoco v … The Court, however, refrained from passing any formal answer on the matter, and ruled that the passport would remain with the authorities till they deem fit. This judgment upheld the validity of the Doctrine of Basic Structure proposed in the case of Kesavananda Bharti. As soon as the petitioner got the notice of such impound, she reverted back to the authorities asking for specific detailed reasons as to why her passport shall be impounded. It also allows the courts the flexibility of both the rights test and the essence of rights test in dealing with the validity of such cases. IC Golaknath V. State of Punjab . The Constitutional Court on Thursday ruled that the Electoral Act was unconstitutional - opening the door for independent candidates to stand for national and provincial elections in SA. In an acclaimed new building at Constitution Hill, the 11 judges stand guard over the Constitution and protect everyone's human rights. Stripped of the (unnecessarily emotional) rhetoric in and around the case, a relatively crisp legal question animates the minority and majority decisions in Economic Freedom Fighters and Others v Speaker of the National Assembly and Another (the so-called impeachment … Motor Accident Claims Tribunal (MACT) Law, Smt. Sri Sankari Prasad Singh Deo Vs. Union of India and State of Bihar(and Other Cases). it is violative of Article 14 of the Constitution since it doesn’t provide for an opportunity for the aggrieved party to be heard. In this case, the Supreme Court’s judgement was a decision that majestically and proudly reaffirmed the supremacy of the fundamental framework of our Constitution. Subsequently, on 12 June 1975, under Justice Jagmohanlal Sinha, the High Court of Allahabad found Indira Gandhi guilty of misusing state machinery u/s -123(7) of the Representative of Peoples Act, 1951. Thus, the fundamental question decided in this case was whether on and after 24/4/1923 (Kesavananda Bharti’s judgment), when the doctrine of the basic structure was proposed in the State of Kerala, it was permissible for the parliament under Article 31-B to immunise laws by inserting them into the ninth schedule and thus outside the purview of the courts and, if so, what was its effect on the power of judicial review of the court. The main issue involved was whether the right to go abroad is a part of personal liberty under Article 21 and whether the Passport Act prescribes a ‘procedure’ as required by Article 21 of the Constitution. criminalises homosexual intercourse, it was held that it is violative of Articles 14, 15, 19 and 21 of Indian Constitution. Thus, it was held that the Judiciary can strike down an amendment passed by the Parliament that conflicts with the basic structure of the Constitution. Therefore, according to the majority, it was held that under Article 25 of the Indian Constitution, triple talaq was not to be protected as it is not an essential element of the religion. The members of the court at the start of 2019 were Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng, Deputy Chief Justice Raymond Zondo, and judges Edwin Cameron, Johan Froneman, Chris Jafta, Sisi Khampepe, Mbuyiseli Madlanga, Nonkosi Mhlantla and Leona Theron. Traductions en contexte de "judgement of the constitutional court" en anglais-français avec Reverso Context : A judgement of the Constitutional Court cancelled some of its provisions. The procedure according to the Hon’ble court has to be ‘fair, just and reasonable, not fanciful, oppressive or arbitrary’. She further argued that they violated several fundamental rights under the Constitution of India i.e. The Constitutional Court agreed that the dismissals were not automatically unfair in terms of section 187. Gopalan’s Case was revisited after 28 years. AK Gopalan was a Communist leader who was detained in the Madras Jail in 1950 under the Preventive Detention Law. Sajjan Singh and Shankari Prasad overruled this possible extinction of FR’s in mind and fearing the eventual transition of Democratic India to the majority of Totalitarian India. It was the landmark case that created history and led to the imposition of Emergency in India from 1975 to 1977. In this particular case, the Supreme Court took a narrow view of Article 21 of the Constitution of India. In this case, the petitioner, Shayara Bano was married for 15 years. Further, the Supreme Court unanimously held that, “The terms of article 368 are perfectly general and empower Parliament to amend the Constitution without any exception whatever. The court with a 3:2 ratio, where the majority held that the practise of Triple Talaq is unconstitutional and violates Muslim women’s fundamental rights. The authorities however, answered that the reasons are not to be specified in the interest of the general public. Read Uganda's COVID-19 Regulations and related law: Constitutional Court decisions . The members of the court at the start of 2016 were Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng, Deputy Chief Justice Dikgang Moseneke, and judges Edwin Cameron, Johan Froneman, Chris Jafta, Sisi Khampepe, Mbuyiseli Madlanga, Nonkosi Mhlantla, Bess Nkabinde, Johann van der Westhuizen and Raymond Zondo. As stated, the court’s role is “to determine whether invasion was necessary by the court and, if so, to what extent.” This position then serves to shift the determination of the need for the law from the Parliament to the courts for decision. The High Court and the Constitutional Court judgements have by operation of the law fast tracked the inclusion of domestic workers in the current COID Act. The members of the court at the start of 2020 were Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng, Deputy Chief Justice Raymond Zondo, and judges Johan Froneman, Chris Jafta, Sisi Khampepe, Mbuyiseli Madlanga, Steven Majiedt, Nonkosi Mhlantla, Leona Theron and Zukisa Tshiqi. OVERVIEW OF THE JUDGMENTS OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT OF SOUTH AFRICA SINCE 1994 TO 2005 **Arranged chronologically according to when the judgment was handed down *Last updated: June 2011 CASE SUBJECT CITATION 1 S v Zuma and Others CCT 5/94 Handed down: 5 April 1995 Referral from the High Court judge in a criminal trial to the constitutionality of the presumption relating to the … ,2017, 10. The table below lists the judgments of the Constitutional Court of South Africa delivered in … Zimbabwe Development Party & Another v President of the Republic of Zimbabwe & 2 Others (CCZ 3/18, Constitutional Application No. Rights and Liabilities of Religious Institutions, November 7, 2017 | Reading Time - 3 minutes, September 17, 2018 | Reading Time - 2 minutes, Right To Marry and Protection by High Courts, August 6, 2018 | Reading Time - 2 minutes, September 13, 2018 | Reading Time - 4 minutes, Understanding ‘equality’ under the Constitution of India, August 2, 2019 | Reading Time - 2 minutes. 1 2 3 … 9 Next. In their opinion Indian Constitution is not a mere political document rather it is a social document based on a social philosophy. Constitutional Court Decisions. There were two vacancies. Vs The State of Tamil Nadu, The U.P. Subsequently, on 6th September, 2018 the five-judge Bench partially struck down Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, decriminalising same-sex relations between consenting adults. This amendment made it unjustifiable in the courts to elect the President, Prime Minister, Vice-President and Speaker of the Lok Sabha. “Our Constitution is founded on a nice balance of power among the three wings of the state namely the Legislature, the Executive & the Judiciary. The table below lists the judgments of the Constitutional Court of South Africa delivered in 2020. Court Term Dates for 2015 in the Constitutional Court of South Africa. Further, the Supreme Court reversed the Delhi High Court verdict in 2013 in it Suresh Koushal judgment and held that the decision of decriminalizing homosexuality can only be done by the Parliament and not the Court. 10 Landmark Judgements of Constitutional Law. In the first judgment, the Constitutional Court declined to certify the Constitution as complying with all 34 constitutional principles. So I feel somewhat vindicated. It is the court that must decide whether this interference is justified and whether the basic structure is violated or not. Justice Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud said that the amendment was found to be in violation of the Separation of Power concept as it carefully transferred a pure judicial role into the hands of the legislature. In the instant case the Petitioner Golak Nath and his family owned more than 500 acres of land in Punjab. This is a collection of cases of the Constitutional Court from 1995 to the present. In this case the argument which was put forward was that as per article 13, no law can infringe or abrogate fundamental rights so how can the constitutional amendment can violate it? It was held by the Hon’ble court that since the Parliaments power is limited as to the amendments they can make, in this judgement also it was held that the Constitution is supreme and not the Parliament. Retrouvez Summaries of Judgements by Constitutional Court et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. The court further held that if a person’s liberty is taken away by the State in accordance with the procedure established by law i.e. The bench by the majority of 7:6 overruled the contention of the proposition of law propounded in Golak Nath vs. the State of Punjab, 1967 and held that Constitutional amendment is not ‘law’ within the meaning of Article 13 and that though no part of the Constitution, including Part III comprising of fundamental rights, was beyond the amending power, the basic structure of the Constitution could not be abrogated even by the constitutional amendment. Parliament tried to establish its supremacy in the course of this case but put in place by the judiciary. The constitutional validity of Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (Section 377) was the central issue of the case, insofar as it applied to the consensual sexual behaviour of adults of the same sex in private. The court terms are prescribed in Rule 2(1) of the Rules of the Constitutional Court of South Africa, and are as follows: (a) 15 February to 31 March (b) 1 May to 31 May (c) 15 August to 30 September (d) 1 November to 30 November . In this case, the Validity of Constitution under the 42nd amendment which was inter alia provided for the exclusion of judicial review of constitutional amendments and expressly conferred unlimited amendment power to the Parliament was challenged as it was considered that they are violative of the basic structure of the Constitution. The Court has upheld provisions in Section 377 that criminalise non-consensual acts or sexual acts performed on animals. CDL (2000) 101 - 2 - Introduction At the dawn of the twenty-first century, constitutional courts have become one of the pillars of the primacy of law and, more generally, of constitutional law. On the other hand, while rejecting the petitioner’s arguments, the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India contended that Article 22 of the Indian Constitution is a self-contained Code and that he was detained according to the procedure established by law. Whether a legislative law that takes away Right to life is reasonable. Through this case, the Supreme Court with … At the start of the year there was one vacancy, and a second was created when Justice Froneman retired with effect from 31 May. Constitutinal Court October Cause List. Doctrine of basic structure was the landmark case that constitutional court judgements history and to. 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