history of sericulture pdf

0000009960 00000 n 29 0 obj <> endobj 0000004190 00000 n 0000063158 00000 n Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk.Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Bombyx mori (the caterpillar of the domesticated silk moth) is the most widely used and intensively studied silkworm. • Sericulture, or silk farming, is the rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk. 0000002722 00000 n SERICULTURE 4. 0000004564 00000 n 0000005622 00000 n During Pre-independence period Sericulture in India has a remote past dating back to several centuries prior to the commencement of the Christian era. During the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries sericulture flourished in the States of the then Bengal, Mysore and Kashmir. 0000008452 00000 n 92 0 obj <>stream Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Bombyx mori is the most widely used and intensively studied silkworm. 0000004149 00000 n startxref 0000004488 00000 n HISTORY OF SERICULTURE. The study of rearing of silkworm for commercial purpose or for silk thread is known as sericulture. Silk has been under use by human beings for various purposes since ancient times. Silkworm eggs were illegally exported from China by a Chinese Princess who married a royalty out of Chinese Imperial. Introduction to Sericulture: Origin and history of sericulture. In its long history, silk industry has passed through periods of great prosperity as well as decline. About 27,000 farming families produce around 829 MT of cocoons worth Rs.5.50 crore. So, the process of Sericulture is considered a tool for the economic reconstruction of rural areas. The production and supply of disease free silkworm seed is continued as the main activity. No matter how the country’s economy has changed, development of Sericulture must continue”. 0000003934 00000 n Sericulture is the only industry which gives a large number of job opportunities. As the Japanese climate was suited to sericulture, silk-reeling and weaving, these processes followed a unique development in each region, which led to a wide range of silk textiles being produced in a number of … 0000001527 00000 n 0000077831 00000 n It is also confirmed by archeology. It is an agro based industry. 60 0 obj <> endobj <<76EF5906D497634C94C82B3783838D13>]>> Sericulture 1. 0000038148 00000 n • Stages of production of silk • The silk moth lays eggs. 0000107454 00000 n 0000001415 00000 n Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. 0 0000003899 00000 n "SILK IS THE QUEEN OF TEXTILES" though there is synthetic silk production, synthetic fibre is no match to natural silk. 0000001779 00000 n 0000001552 00000 n 0000004402 00000 n 0000000729 00000 n (PDF) History of Sericulture in Turkey | Orhan Yılmaz - Academia.edu According to ancient sources sericulture was started to be produced in China. It is known that by the 5th century BC mulberry worms were bred in six provinces of the Celestial; the basic center of sericulture was Hangchow. 0000009741 00000 n 0000001999 00000 n 0 However, during the last 30 years, India has made tremendous progress in the production of mulberry silk for which there is an increasing international demand. The farmers would get back a gross value of approximately 55%. Turks … 0000107203 00000 n Sericulture production was begun in Anatolia which is Asian part of Turkey in A.D. 552 during Byzantium Emperor of Justinianus. startxref 0000004879 00000 n Ahom kings patronized muga-culture by favouring muga silk for Royal robes. %PDF-1.6 %���� 49 0 obj<>stream The history of silkworm rearing was originated from China around 2500 years ago. From the mid 7th century AD, naturalized Japanese from China and the Korean Peninsula brought in techniques of sericulture, silk-reeling, dyeing and weaving, which spread throughout Japan. Learn more. Toshiharu Furusawa, "The history of Sericulture in Japan – The old and innovative technique for Industry-", Center for Bioresource Field Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology "Métiers agricoles - Magnaniers", Institut supérieur de l'agroalimentaire ; Ronan, Colin. 0000001591 00000 n The production of silk generally involves two processes: Care of the silkworm from the egg stage through completion of the cocoon. R.Priyanka B.Sc Biochemistry & Biotechnology 2. 0000007142 00000 n 0000001991 00000 n There are more than 25 countries practicing sericulture in the world. There is tremendous scope … In spring the empress opened the season of sericulture which lasted for six months; the work was done mainly by women. The very nature of this industry with its rural based on-farm and off-farm activities and enormous employment generation … 0000000974 00000 n June 01, 2018 Academic. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic period. 0000108113 00000 n History of Sericulture in Thailand the 19th January 1999 Her Majesty the Queen Sirikit once said “Sericulture is not only the source of extra income for farmers but also the historical and fine culture of the Thai nation that has long been inherited. 0000003521 00000 n The physiographic and climatic condition of Nepal especially mid-hills and high hills region are highly suitable for silkworm rearing. 0000006662 00000 n %PDF-1.6 %���� %%EOF Against the target of 182.742 lakhs layings for the year 2018-2019 a quantity of 166.636 lakh layings has been supplied to the rearers upto March 2019. 0000006398 00000 n The silk is derived from silk moths mainly belonging to Bombycidae and Saturnidae families of lepidoptera. Introduction. Sericulture has become an important cottage industry in countries such as Brazil, China, France, India, … Systematic Position Class: Insecta Order: Lepidoptera ADVERTISEMENTS: Family: Bombycidae Genus: Bombyx, Species: B. mori The Silkworm, Bombyx mori produces the silk of commercial importance. Unit 2. History of Sericulture – Introduction, History, Silk Road: Morphology and Taxonomy of Mulberry– Introduction, Distribution of Mulberry , Mulberry varieties (G4), systematic position, morphology and Taxonomy of mulberry. 0000002740 00000 n On the other hand, it stands for livelihood opportunity for millions owing to high employment oriented, low capital intensive and remunerative nature of its production. trailer Sericulture, also called silk farming, is the process of making silk fibers. It was … Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk. Sericulture, or silk production, from the moth, Bombyx mori (L.), has a long and colorful history unknown to most people. xref This insect is also called […] Environmental impact of sericulture: Eco-friendly activity of sericulture; Employment generation in sericulture and role of women in sericulture. 0000000016 00000 n Natural silk is unique and has its own importance, elegance and lustre. Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, B. mori is the most widely used and intensively studied, and techniques for its rearing are the most improved (Yokoyama 1963). Provides Vibrancy to Rural Economy: It is estimated that about 57% of the gross value of silk fabrics … The history of sericulture in J&K State is traced, and the silk industry was demonopolised in 1988. <<96BAE086A6A4D24181D28681BE1D987A>]>> 0000002120 00000 n 0000007184 00000 n 60 33 The eggs of the silkworm moth hatch out within 10 days into creamy white rapidly moving caterpillars. %%EOF The article, given the wide scope of time, major events and geographic range, can only touch on the main sericulture meaning: 1. the activity or business of producing silk (= a delicate, soft type of cloth made from a thread…. 0000007017 00000 n 0000004802 00000 n 0000003232 00000 n Silk is the protein secreted by the larvae of certain Lepidopteran moths. It starts by raising silkworms and then processing the fibers they produce. 0000001653 00000 n xref ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about the Lifecycle of Silkworm ! See Article History Sericulture, the production of raw silk by means of raising caterpillars (larvae), particularly those of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). Silk fibers are combined into silk thread.The thread can then be twisted into silk yarn or woven into silk cloth (fabric). 0000003651 00000 n It seems that people were just collecting wild silkworm cocoons, and later started to cultivate them purposely. 0000001043 00000 n This essay argues for integrating the history of ignorance into the history of knowledge. 29 21 0000003103 00000 n 6��V�\�e �7S/r��&f���8�{.50��e\�$Omh����F�6��^>�{�nsX���H;���R�ѳd���zy��*\�. The history of horticulture is traced as it gradually developed independent of agriculture, into the sophisticated art and science that it is today. • Bombyx mori is the most widely used species of silkworm and intensively studied. 0000000016 00000 n The Shorter Science and Civilization in China. Silkworm Seed Consumption. 0000001179 00000 n 0000001747 00000 n The modern silk history dates back to the 15th Century, which was also famous for sculpture and paintings. Unit 3. It has been held that mulberry culture came from China to India around 140 B.C. �"�%T9!D�. 0000130973 00000 n During the Supremacy of Ahom dynasty, the silk industry was greatly encouraged and this is particularly true in case of muga silk industry. Directorate of Sericulture (DOS), under the Administrative control of Handloom Textiles & Sericulture Department, Government of Assam was established in the year of 1958 with a different nomenclature as Directorate of Weaving & Sericulture, Assam till July 1983. Historical evidences reveal that China is the first country where Sericulture was practiced in the … During excavations in various regions of China, silkworms were found in cultural layers related to the 3rd millennium B.C. trailer 0000188426 00000 n In its long history, sericulture in India has experienced many ups and downs. 0000007703 00000 n It is fibrous in nature, and widely used for the manufacture of art clothes. The rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk is known as sericulture. Silk is the most elegant textile in the world with unparalleled grandeur, natural sheen, and inherent affinity for dyes, high absorbance, light weight, soft touch and high durability and known as the “Queen of Textiles” the world over. History. 0000188188 00000 n 2. sericulture was an integral part of their culture. The sericulture is an important cottage industry, but is now the basis of large industries in China, Japan, India and some European countries, where the silkworm, Bombyx mori is reared on mulberry leaves on a mass scale to get raw silk from the cocoons of the caterpillars of the moth. 0000009096 00000 n Sericulture is the cultivation of silk through rearing of silkworm. 0000003691 00000 n 0000004439 00000 n In the month of July,1983 this Directorate was separated as the Directorate of Sericulture, Assam bifurcating the Weaving as a … History of sericulture goes deep to the legendary times. It involves the raising of food plants for silkworm, rearing of silkworm for production of cocoons, reeling and spinning of cocoon for production of yarn etc. For value added benefits such as processing and weaving. . First the rare fabric was worn only by the members of imperial family. Silk route and map of India and World; Temperate and tropical climate for sericulture practice. Sericulture in India: History, Types of Silks and Life History! Abstract. • … 0000002282 00000 n It is the caterpillar of a moth whose cocoon is used to make silk. Mechanised agriculture is the process of using agricultural machinery to mechanise the work of agriculture, greatly increasing farm worker productivity.In modern times, powered machinery has replaced many farm jobs formerly carried out by manual labour or by working animals such as oxen, horses and mules.. Approximately 55 % secreted by the larvae of certain Lepidopteran moths the protein by... Sericulture ; Employment generation … 2 10 days into creamy white rapidly moving caterpillars and hills! Spring the empress opened the season of sericulture which lasted for six months ; the was... Silkworm and intensively studied favouring muga silk for Royal robes sculpture and paintings is known as sericulture hills! 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