In most instances, it’s grown indoors using a container that’s big enough to accommodate the plant when it vigorously sprouts. Watermelons have a longer growing period than other melons, and can often take 85 days or more from the time of transplanting for the fruit to mature.  In Vietnamese culture, watermelon seeds are consumed during the Vietnamese New Year's holiday, Tết, as a snack. Morphology of watermelon plant with fruits, flowers, green leaves and root system on white background, Parts of plant. II. , The amino acid citrulline is produced in watermelon rind. Bailey in 1930. lanatus var. ), originated with the erroneous synonymization of Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) , The watermelon is a flowering plant that originated in Africa, though there is conflicting research about whether its source is West Africa or Northeast Africa. The bulk of the varieties-with andromonoecious, but there are those whose flowers on the plant are strictly same-sex. Carrots: Entire plant is edible including root (the carrot itself) and leaves. Watermelon flowers are more than pretty blooms, as when pollinated, they transform into juicy fruits. You should be able to grow one nice watermelon on every bush plant. Three discussions in Cucurbitaceae. Second page has 6 plant part cards. How to Grow Watermelons Watering Watering is very important—from planting until fruit begins to form. , The seeds have a nutty flavor and can be dried and roasted, or ground into flour. The more than 1200 cultivars of watermelon range in weight from less than 1 kilogram (2 1⁄4 pounds) to more than 90 kg (200 lb); the flesh can be red, pink, orange, yellow or white. Watermelon is a scrambling and trailing vine in the flowering plant family Cucurbitaceae. These are yellow, and greenish on the back. All parts of the watermelon fruit are used by people, including the fleshy interior, the seeds, and the rind. , Evidence of the cultivation of both C. lanatus and C. colocynthis in the Nile Valley has been found from the second millennium BC onward, and seeds of both species have been found at Twelfth Dynasty sites and in the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. An illustration showing parts of a viburnum plant. 1930. , The watermelon is a large annual plant with long, weak, trailing or climbing stems which are five-angled (five-sided) and up to 3 m (10 ft) long. Watermelon Watermelon is a tender, warm-season vegetable. It was reassigned to the genus Citrullus in 1836, under the replacement name Citrullus vulgaris, by the German botanist Heinrich Adolf Schrader. , Others were also working on disease-resistant cultivars; J. M. Crall at the University of Florida produced 'Jubilee' in 1963 and C. V. Hall of Kansas State University produced 'Crimson Sweet' the following year. Match and sort according to the shape of the seeds. citroides; C. vulgaris var. Many cultivars are available that produce mature fruit within 100 days of planting. There is evidence from seeds in Pharaoh tombs of watermelon cultivation in Ancient Egypt. Copyright © 2000-2020 Dreamstime. These usually have three lobes which are themselves lobed or doubly lobed. Spanish settlers were growing it in Florida in 1576, and it was being grown in Massachusetts by 1629, and by 1650 was being cultivated in Peru, Brazil and Panama, as well as in many British and Dutch colonies. Also, consider growing your standard vining watermelon vertical, train your large vines up The citron melon or makataan – a variety with sweet yellow flesh that is cultivated around the world for fodder, and the production of citron peel and pectin.. , Another variety known as karkoer or bitterboela is unpalatable to humans, but the seeds may be eaten. Plants have both male and female flowers on 40-millimetre-long (1 1⁄2 in) hairy stalks. An illustration showing parts of kumquat plant on a white background. The 'Moon and Stars' variety was created in 1926. Fruits are the mature ovary or ovaries of one or more flowers.In fleshy fruits, the outer layer (typically edible) is the pericarp, which is the tissue that develops from the ovary wall of the flower and surrounds the seed to protect it in environments apart from the parent plant. Renner, S. S., A. Sousa, and G. Chomicki. Morphology of pepper plant with green leaves, red fruits, flowers and root system, Leaning Parts of plant and flower for kids.  This now-common fruit is often large enough that groceries often sell half or quarter melons. Parts of raspberry plant isolated on white background. Chromosome numbers, Sudanese wild forms, and classification of the watermelon genus Citrullus, with 50 names allocated to seven biological species. , Watermelon fruit is 91% water, contains 6% sugars, and is low in fat (table). DNA data reveal that C. lanatus var. Lastly, a watermelon plant’s rapid growth and spread tends to hold back weeds by blocking the sunlight, thereby preventing weeds from getting the nutrition that they need to sprout. In southern Russia, a beer is made from watermelon juice, or the juice may be boiled down to a heavy syrup like molasses In southern Russia, a beer is made from watermelon juice, or the juice may be … Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a plant species in the family Cucurbitaceae, a vine-like flowering plant originally domesticated in Africa. Watermelon roots and vines spread up … Watermelon: Same thing as sweet corn. In 2017, China produced about two-thirds of the world total of watermelons. The edible part of a plantain is a fruit. , In 2017, global production of watermelons was 118 million tonnes, with China alone accounting for 67% of the total. , In the 7th century, watermelons were being cultivated in India, and by the 10th century had reached China, which is today the world's single largest watermelon producer. Morphology of flowering plant with root system, flower, seeds and titles, Parts of plant. Be sure to place each hill four  It was reassigned to the genus Citrullus in 1916 by Japanese botanists Jinzō Matsumura and Takenoshin Nakai. , This West African species is the closest wild relative of the watermelon. Some smaller, spherical varieties of watermelon—both red- and yellow-fleshed—are sometimes called "icebox melons".  Wild plants have fruits up to 20 cm (8 in) in diameter, while cultivated varieties may exceed 60 cm (24 in).  Seedless watermelons became more popular in the 21st century, rising to nearly 85% of total watermelon sales in the United States in 2014.. It spread northwards through southern Europe, perhaps limited in its advance by summer temperatures being insufficient for good yields. Watermelon is grown in favorable climates from tropical to temperate regions worldwide for its large edible fruit , which is a berry with a hard rind and no internal divisions, and is botanically called a pepo . Watermelon - parts of the plant, labeled. Morphology of flowering plant with root system, flowers, fruit and titles, Parts of plant. The sweet, juicy flesh is usually deep red to pink, with many black seeds, although seedless varieties exist. Honeybees must pollinate the watermelon blossom for fruit to be produced. var. Watermelon is a scrambling and trailing vine in the flowering plant family Cucurbitaceae. & Nakai and Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.  Pyramid-shaped watermelons have also been developed and any polyhedral shape may potentially be used.
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