president of saudi arabia

[101][102] Tathi bint Mishan al Faisal Al Jarba gave birth to Prince Mishaal, Prince Turki, Princess Oraib and three more children. King Abdullah's heir apparent was his half-brother Crown Prince Sultan until the latter's death on 22 October 2011. [12] He died on 23 January 2015, at the age of 90,[13] three weeks after being hospitalized for pneumonia, and was succeeded by his half-brother Salman. [74] King Abdullah asserted that Iran was trying to set up Hezbollah-like organizations in African countries, observing that the Iranians didn't think they were doing anything wrong and didn't recognize their mistakes. RIYADH: Saudi Arabia expects no major change in its relationship with the US under Joe Biden, a senior official told CNN, despite the president-elect pledging to turn the kingdom into a "pariah". Saudi Arabia also committed significant investments in China, including the $8 billion Fujian refinery. [39], King Salman then removed Muhammad bin Nayef from the line of succession to the Saudi throne on 21 June 2017 and designated his son Mohammad bin Salman as the new crown prince. He had never previously made overtures for dialogue with eastern religious leaders, such as Hindus and Buddhists. In a slight rebuff to accusations of human rights violations, Saudi inmates of Najran Province sent the King well-wishes from jail and wished him a speedy recovery.[86]. [104], Hessa bint Trad Al Shaalan was the prominent wife of King Abdullah during his reign who is the mother of Prince Faisal and Princess Abeer among others. [138][139][140] He subsequently had another successful surgery in which surgeons "stabilized a number of vertebras". [43] Moreover, in 2018, KSRelief assisted 180,555 Syrian patients living in Zataari Syrian refugees camp in Jordan. Al Jazeera. [24][25] Prince Salman was also made First Deputy Prime minister. [30] He managed to group a large number of fringe and marginalized princes discontented with the prospect of the succession being passed among the Sudairi brothers one after the other. The lead surgeon was Muhammad Zaka, who probably removed the herniated disk and performed a lumbar fusion. King Abdullah showed great support for Obama's presidency. [20] Prince Sultan described him as "the prince of loyalty" in a letter sent to him. [30] He is a strong advocate for philanthropy in poor Muslim nations such as Somalia, Sudan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan. Secure .gov websites use HTTPS. [80], King Abdullah supported renewed diplomatic relations with the Syrian government and Bashar al-Assad. Similar decrees since 2005 were previously seldom enforced. Ali al-Naimi remained the minister of petroleum and mineral resources, as did Saud al-Faisal of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ibrahim Al-Assaf as finance minister. Trump's Evolving Relationship With Saudi Arabia Before he was elected president, Donald Trump was a critic of Saudi Arabia. In the summer of 2003, Abdullah threw his considerable weight behind the creation of a national dialogue that brought leading religious figures together, including a highly publicized meeting attended by the kingdom's preeminent Shi'i scholar Hasan al-Saffar, as well as a group of Sunni clerics that had previously expressed their loathing for the Shi'i minority.[37]. [62][63][64], In May 2019, leaders of Gulf and Arab states held two emergency summits in Mecca to present a united front to Iran. King Abdullah has also been criticized for his policies on religious freedom and the Saudi government allegedly has arrested Shiite pilgrims on the Hajj. New York, New York University Press (1984). President-elect Joe Biden has pledged to halt arms sales to Saudi Arabia, the Middle East's biggest buyer of American … [131] After media releases in March 2014, Sahar and Jawaher received no food or clean water for 25 days, lost 10 kg each and their mother carried out weekly protests in front of the Saudi Arabian embassy in London. Concerns were raised about the treatment of women and homosexuals by the Saudi kingdom and over alleged bribes involving arms deals between Saudi Arabia and the UK.[88]. In the same month, Saudi Arabia and Spain agreed to hold the interfaith dialogue in Spain. [167] It is equipped with two heliports and is surrounded by large mansions on 133 acres of vegetation. [85] On 24 January 2007, Human Rights Watch sent an open letter to King Abdullah asking him to cease religious persecution of the Ahmadi faith in Saudi Arabia. The session also discussed a paper presented on coordination among Islamic institutions on Dialogue by Abdullah bin Omar Nassif, Secretary General of the World Islamic Council for Preaching and Relief and a paper on dialogue with divine messages, presented by Professor Mohammad Sammak—Secretary General of the Islamic Spiritual Summit in Lebanon. Prince Mishaal was governor of the Makkah Province (2013–2015). Arabic edition: Alexander Bligh. [48][49], In January 2012, King Abdullah dismissed the head of Saudi Arabia's powerful religious police, replacing him with a more moderate cleric, state news agency SPA reported, without giving reasons. On the second anniversary of the September 11 attacks, Crown Prince Abdullah wrote a letter to US President George W. Bush, which ended with the following words: "God Almighty, in His wisdom, tests the faithful by allowing such calamities to happen. [130] They have been under house arrest for several years, and are not allowed to leave the country. Abdullah said he had agreed, and the channel was established, with Velayati and Saud Al Faisal as the points of contact. [153], King Abdullah was, in 2012, named as the most influential Muslim among 500 Muslims for the previous 4 years. In 1974, he visited Kuwait, Bahrain and Qatar to strengthen Saudi Arabia's relationship with those nations. [4] Furthermore, Abdullah maintained the status quo when there were waves of protest in the kingdom during the Arab Spring. SANG, which had been based on the Ikhwan, became a modern armed force under his command. "[81], Salman bin Abdulaziz has been married three times. [67] King Abdullah told an Iraqi official about Al Maliki, "You and Iraq are in my heart, but that man is not. [36] Human Rights Watch (HRW) wrote that the Saudi-led air campaign had conducted airstrikes in apparent violation of the laws of war. Humain hired consultants to restructure the organisation, met local human rights groups and consulted professional image-builders in a broad public relations campaign. [124], One of King Abdullah's daughters, Nuora, died in 1990 in a car accident near Riyadh airport. [68] However, according to US federal law, gifts of such nature and value are accepted "on behalf of the United States" and are considered property of the US government. President Trump arrived in Saudi Arabia, kicking off his first foreign trip as president. During his reign he maintained close relations with United States and United Kingdom and bought billions of dollars worth of defense equipment from both states. [55][56] In March 2008, he called for a "brotherly and sincere dialogue between believers from all religions".[57]. [101], Salman was the closest brother to Crown Prince Sultan, having remained at his side during his constant illness and recovery in New York and Morocco, from 2008 to 2011. [16] Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz was named governor of Riyadh Province. The King returned to Saudi Arabia from Morocco on 24 September. [47] In a similar context, under the umbrella of the UN, KSRelief has led an international team to implement a rehabilitation project for the children affected by war in Yemen. [126] His daughter, Haya, was featured on the cover of Vogue Arabia magazine's June 2018 issue. [41], He brought about a top-to-bottom restructuring of the country's courts to introduce, among other things, review of judicial decisions and more professional training for Shari'a judges. [55], In April 2020, the Saudi Supreme Court stated under a royal decree made by King Salman that minors who commit crimes will no longer face execution, but would be sentenced to imprisonment in a juvenile detention facility for a maximum of 10 years. Mazin bin Ibrahim Al-Kahmous, president of Saudi Arabia’s Oversight and Anti-Corruption Authority. [34] Later, he also condemned Israel for attacking families of suspects. After King Fahd suffered a serious stroke in 1995, Abdullah became the de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia until ascending the throne a decade later. The officials interviewed said the prince placed his mother under house arrest without the king's knowledge. [125] Fayza is yet another daughter, the mother of Prince Saud bin Abdulaziz bin Nasser Al Saud who was accused of murdering his servant Bandar Abdulaziz in London in 2010. It also includes a provision obliging employees to report instances of abuse in the workplace to their employer. [40] It was criticized by the religious figures who argued that such celebration was not part of Islam. Salman continued the policy of military intervention in Bahrain, to try to crush the Bahrain uprising. [98], Prince Mohammad was his private adviser at the Ministry of Defense and at the Crown Prince Court. [95] His eldest son was Mutaib who died young. [53], In February 2015, a man from Hafar Al-Batin was sentenced to death for rejecting Islam. [52], In August 2013, the Saudi cabinet, for the first time, approved a law making domestic violence a criminal offence. Last, as a result of his long-term governorship, he had developed a network of relationships within Arab and international circles.[20]. [149] On 2 January 2015, Abdullah was hospitalized in Riyadh for pneumonia[150] and died on 23 January at the age of 90. They met in Damascus on 7 October 2009. Trump emboldened Israel and Saudi Arabia; now Biden will try to rein them in. Since King Abdullah's visit to Beijing in January 2006, Saudi-Chinese relations have focused predominantly on energy and trade. [76], In a similar vein, Salman is reported to have some strong alliances with significant journalists. His stables were considered the largest in Saudi Arabia, with over 1,000 horses spread throughout five divisions led by his son Prince Mutaib bin Abdullah. Diplomacy", Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud’s statement to the Arab and Islamic Nations and the International Community, "US embassy cables: Saudi king's advice for Barack Obama", "UK Training Saudi Forces Used to Crush Arab Spring", "Chinese president arrives in Riyadh at start of "trip of friendship, cooperation"_English_Xinhua", "WikiLeaks cables: Nicolas Sarkozy, the Saudis and Carla Bruni", "Yemeni Tribal Leader: For Saleh, Saudi Involvement in Sa'Ada Comes Not A Moment Too Soon", "Saudi Arabia recalls ambassador to Syria", "Saudi King Abdullah Calls for a Closer Arab Gulf Union", "The World's 10 Worst Dictators: King Abdullah", "Saudi inmates send king wishes from jail", "Defense Minister New Heir to Throne in Saudi Arabia", Aged Saudi ruler to fly to US over blood clot, "Saudi king transfers National Guard duties to son", "Discreetly, Saudis speculate about the throne succession", "Saudi Arabia's crown prince uses travel restrictions to consolidate power", "تعرّف على أبناء وبنات الملك عبد الله الـ36", "A Princely Rivalry: Clash of The Titans? A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. [9], During Salman's five decades as Riyadh governor, he became adept at managing the delicate balance of clerical, tribal, and princely interests that determine Saudi policy. [50], In July 2012, Saudi Arabia announced that it would allow its women athletes to compete in the Olympics for the first time and that the country's Olympic Committee would "oversee participation of women athletes who can qualify". [29] Abdullah was pressured to cede control of SANG in return for his appointment as second deputy prime minister. Two letters were sent in November 2006 and February 2007 asking him to remove the travel ban on critics of the Saudi government. Roots and trends of Saudi terrorism financing", "Nayef's conservative policies to outlive him", "Ambassador's farewell call on Riyadh Provincial Governor Prince Sulayman", "Prince Sulayman Named Saudi 'Crown Prince, "Who is Mohammed bin Salman, the 31-year-old future king of Saudi Arabia? In 2006, Abdullah set up the Allegiance Council, a body that is composed of the sons and grandsons of Saudi Arabia's founder, King Abdulaziz, to vote by a secret ballot to choose future kings and crown princes. The power-sharing government is the belated result of Saudi Arabia’s efforts to broker a deal between its anti-Houthi coalition partners in Yemen. [88] His children from this marriage are Prince Fahd (1955-2001), Prince Sultan, Prince Ahmed (1958-2002), Prince Abdulaziz, Prince Faisal and Princess Hassa. The program offered funds for tuition and living expenses up to four years. Most notably, he was an honoured knight of the strictly Roman Catholic Order of the Golden Fleece (the Spanish branch), which caused some controversy. [93] Prince Sultan bin Salman was formerly the chairman of the Saudi Commission for Tourism & Antiquities (SCTA), which later was changed to be the ministry of Tourism. [37] Human rights groups have also criticized Saudi Arabia for the alleged use of cluster bombs against Yemeni civilians. The diplomatic relationship Jacques Chirac had with Saudi Arabia was not evident with Sarkozy. There have been intensive efforts to link Arab countries with a railway system and an electricity power grid. Updated 14 sec ago . King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud", "Saudi Arabia's King Salman Arrives in Morocco", "King Salman, Niger president discuss ties", "Nawaz Sharif holds talks with Saudi King Salman", "Mahmoud Abbas and King Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud", "Macky Sall reçu et décoré par le Roi Salman d'Arabie Saoudite", "Saudi Arabia's King Salman Holds Official Talks With South Africa's Zuma", "King Salman, Tunisian president hold talks, oversee signing of two deals & confer medals", "Colloqui ufficiali tra il Custode delle Due Sacre Moschee e il Presidente Erdogan, nel corso della visita di Stato di Re Salman in Turchia", "Riyadh, Kiev cement relations with President Poroshenko's Saudi visit", "Shifting Sands and the Gulf" on Sulayman's transition as King, "King Salman Royal Profile" by Royal Families of the World, Khalid bin Khalifa bin Abdul Aziz Al Thani, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Salman_of_Saudi_Arabia&oldid=996782943, Honorary Recipients of the Order of the Crown of the Realm, Honorary Commanders of the Order of the Defender of the Realm, Recipients of the Order of al-Hussein bin Ali, Recipients of the Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, 1st class, Articles with dead external links from April 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from January 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Salman bin Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman bin Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah bin Mohammed bin Saud, Sultana bint Turki Al Sudairi (deceased in 2011), Grand Cordon of the Order of the Republic (2001), This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 16:12. In 2011, an agreement for the establishment of the King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz International Centre for Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue in Vienna was signed between the governments of Austria, Spain, and Saudi Arabia. His third heir apparent was his half-brother Salman, who was named as Crown Prince on 18 June 2012,[89] and would succeed him in 2015. Prince Bandar bin Sultan was removed from his post in the security council and the adviser to the monarch was also removed as were the former monarch's sons Turki as governor of Riyadh and Mishaal as governor of Mecca. The King made the private suggestion during a meeting in Riyadh in March 2009 with White House counterterrorism adviser, John O. Brennan. [65] Salman accused Iran of threatening global oil supplies and shipping at a meeting of Arab leaders that called on the international community to confront Tehran following attacks on shipping and rising tensions in the oil rich region.

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