common name of turmeric

Cultivation of this plant is quite common in the tropics. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Propagation Fresh, plump, juicy looking rhizomes should be selected from raw turmeric sold for food. Here, it is not uncommon to find turmeric powder adulterated with lead chromate, yellow earth, sand or even cheap talc.In the international market, concern over possible adulteration is associated mainly with the mixing of related Curcuma species containing similar pigments. tty (for deaf and hard-of-hearing callers): Email: info@nccih.nih.gov (link sends e-mail). Take charge of your health—talk with your health care providers about any complementary health approaches you use. French : Curcuma, saffron des Indes: Hindi: Haldi: German : … Curcuma aromatica (common name: wild turmeric) is a member of the genus Curcuma belonging to the family Zingiberaceae. The Clearinghouse does not provide medical advice, treatment recommendations, or referrals to practitioners. It is reported that washing in turmeric improves skin tone and reduces hair growth. World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. Having an earthy odour, turmeric has a pungent flavour. However, adulteration of true turmeric by C. aromatica and C. zedoaria can be detected by chemical methods. Historically, turmeric was used in Ayurveda and other traditional Indian medical systems, as well as Eastern Asian medical systems such as traditional Chinese medicine. Dried and spirit-preserved specimens of Curcuma longa are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. Turmeric should not be confused with Javanese turmeric root (Curcuma zedoaria). Pupa is the Yoruba word for bright. Govaerts, R. (1999). The mention of any product, service, or therapy is not an endorsement by NCCIH. Turmeric - Curcuma longa in the Zingiberaceae or Ginger family Part used: Rhizome.. Taste/smell: Bitter, pungent and aromatic.. Turmeric has been used for many conditions in traditional medicine in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. ; For depression. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Kashmiri Name: Lidar. Turmeric flowers are taken as a tea to lower fevers. They should be laid tooth side up in a seed tray containing a mixture of seed compost and grit, just covering the rhizomes. It is also added to pickles and can be used instead of saffron to add colour and flavour to rice. Turmeric rhizomes are used as a bright yellow-orange culinary spice. 500 mg of curcumin, a chemical in turmeric, has been used daily for 2 months. & Marhold, K. (2010). Blends Well With: All carrier oils and butters, ginger oil, patchouli oil Today, turmeric is widely cultivated throughout the tropics. Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. It can be prepared in various ways and is reputed to alleviate asthma and coughs. Improving bioavailability might lead to increases in harmful effects as well as desirable ones. Raju, V.S., Reddy, C.S. Fiji, Optical Rotation: -24 to -27. sept. 2005: 1-158. Roasted turmeric has been used as an ingredient of a preparation used to treat dysentery. Family Name: Zingiberaceae. Gulf of Guinea Is., In Unani medicine, turmeric has been used for conditions such as liver obstruction and jaundice and has been applied externally for ulcers and inflammation. (A) habit, flowering clump; (B) rhizome. It is often difficult to identify these species by microscopic examination of the powder. In an alkali solution, it will turn red, but if acid is added to neutralise the alkali then the colour will change to yellow. Turmeric has been shown to have anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, to which can be added possible anti-ulcer, wound-healing, liver-protective and anti-cancer properties. Turmeric is also known as Curcuma, Curcumin, Halada, Haldi, Haridra, Indian Saffron, Nisha, Pian Jiang Huang, Rajani, Safran Bourbon, Safran de Batallita, Safran des Indes, Turmeric Root, and Yu Jin. Borneo, A prelimanary checklist of the Zingiberaceae of Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 24: 35-49. Many of its traditional uses are supported by scientific evidence. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. NCCIH has provided this material for your information. is there a supplement i can take it with to avoid the nausea. Another feature it shares with ginger is a showy flower (although the showy part is actually a bract, not the true flower), which means an additional use for the plant is as an ornamental. Congo, China South-Central, Dilaw, Luyang dilaw, curcuma longa:, long turmeric: Philippine Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal herbs by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and medicinal research studies Thailand, Marathi Name: halad. Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Externally, the dried rhizome has been applied to fresh wounds and insect stings and to help the healing process in chickenpox and smallpox. Sirirugsa, P., Larsen, K. & Maknoi, C. (2007). On an international scale, the problem may not be so serious, but closely related species are frequently substituted for true turmeric. For one technique in Calcutta, turmeric and Fuller's earth (a clay that removes impurities) was used. To prepare the yellow dye, the dried or fresh rhizomes are ground to a paste with water. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ This can be seen in traditional dyeing techniques where acid might be added at various stages. Trinidad-Tobago, The common name is widely used everywhere. (2006). Hence, scientific name of Turmeric is used worldwide. Plant sources Asian and Caribbean shops often sell fresh turmeric, although the quality is variable: sometimes if it has been airfreighted in cold temperatures the rhizomes fail to develop shoots, or they may have been treated by dormancy-inducing chemicals.Turmeric plants are available from a number of nurseries. Editorial: curcumin: recent insights, novel developments, new challenges. ADULTS BY MOUTH:. We encourage you to discuss any decisions about treatment or care with your health care provider. In Hindu wedding ceremonies, brides would rub turmeric over their bodies. For hay fever. Yellow and yellow-orange are colours that have sacred and auspicious connotations on the Indian subcontinent. Jawa, In Buddhism yellow is the colour of the Bodhisattva Ratnasambhava. (2008). Curcumin is a phytopolylphenol pigment isolated from the plant Curcuma longa, commonly known as turmeric, with a variety of pharmacologic properties. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. A paste made from the flowers is applied topically to treat ringworm, gonorrhea, and parasitic skin diseases (Quattrocchi, 2012). Gujrati Name: haldi. (1994). Turmeric is also used to make a yellow paint for various folk painting traditions in Madhya Pradesh. In dry weather plants will benefit from being lightly misted daily with rainwater.During autumn, watering should be reduced, and plants should be kept fairly dry over winter, when they will need more light. (eds.) It is not intended to substitute for the medical expertise and advice of your health care provider(s). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co. Albano, P.-O. Smith, A.C. (1979). Hawaii, Because the actions of turmeric and its components in people are complex and not well understood, no clear conclusions have been reached about whether these substances have benefits for health conditions. (2012). Flavour and common names of turmeric. Inhalation of turmeric smoke is reputed to relieve hiccups. Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Draughty locations should be avoided. A hot water extract of the dried rhizome taken orally was reputed to slow lactation, regulate fat metabolism, help symptoms of diabetes, diarrhoea and liver diseases, and as a tonic calm the stomach. Leong-Skornicková, J., Sída, O., Wijesundara, S. & Marhold, K. (2008). It is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) and, like ginger, is considered a spice. Botanical Name: Curcuma longa. Some studies suggest that components of the essential oil, such as ar -tumerone, have anti-snake venom activity. Belize, In: Coates PM, Betz JM, Blackman MR, et al., eds. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Together, you can make shared, well-informed decisions. Turmeric rhizomes have also been mixed with other plants to produce traditional remedies for a range of conditions including tonsillitis, headaches, wounds, snake bites, stings, sprains and fractured bones. Leaves: Large, oblong, up to 1 m long, dark green on upper surface, pale green beneath. Oriya Name: Haldi. & Hawthorne, W.D. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Alum works as a mordant to help the dye bond with the fabric. ODS seeks to strengthen knowledge and understanding of dietary supplements by evaluating scientific information, supporting research, sharing research results, and educating the public. Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. The essential oil is also reported to have some insect repellent and insecticidal activity. Turmeric and conventionally formulated curcumin products are probably safe when taken orally or applied to the skin in the recommended amounts. Fortunately, chemical analysis can to some extent establish how pure a product is.Ground turmeric is the most vulnerable product, particularly in local markets. Flowers: Yellow-white, borne on a spike-like stalk 10-15 cm long. (2005). Common name of Turmeric is the name which changes with change in the regions. Tendencies: Cooling, stimulating.. 2: 1-164. Windward Is. New Guinea, Orange signifies sacrifice, renunciation and courage. Strips of paper soaked in turmeric can therefore be used as an indicator. Botanically close to Curcuma australasica, wild turmeric has been widely used as a cosmetic herbal in South Asia and nearby regions. The major importers are Iran, Sri Lanka and Middle Eastern and North African countries.Turmeric is cultivated commercially as an annual crop, by planting small rhizomes or pieces of rhizome on flat soil or in furrows between ridges. Dried rhizomes are polished to smooth their exterior and to improve the colour. Line drawing of plant parts: Plant parts of turmeric (C. longa). Sumatera, Turmeric's common name in the north, haldi , derives from the Sanskrit haridra , and in the south it is called manjal , a word that is frequently used in ancient Tamil literature.Turmeric has a long history of medicinal use in South Asia, cited in Sanskrit medical treatises and widely used in Ayurvedic and Unani systems. Turmeric has been used in India for at least 2,500 years. Common Names in India. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Pests Red spider mite can be an occasional problem in older plants: regular misting and keeping leaves well-washed will reduce this. (ed.) & Eldredge, L.G. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Cultivation The rhizomes should be potted on as soon as the shoots are 5 cm high, into shallow 15 cm pots. BOTANICAL NAMES OF SPICES: Spice Picture: English Common Name: Botanical Name: Family Name: Part used as Spice: Cardamom (Small) Elettaria cardamomum Maton: Zingiberaceae: Fruit,Seed: Cardamom (Large) Amomum subulatum Roxb: Zingiberaceae: Fruit,Seed: Pepper: Piper nigrum L… Piperaceae: Fruit: Bird’s Eye (Chilli) Capsicum Frute sence L. Solanaceae: Fruit: Capsicum (Chilli) Turmeric is a low-growing tropical herbaceous plant, which forms many long thin rhizomes. Orange represents the sacral chakra, and yellow represents the solar plexus chakra. Curcuma: English: Turmeric. It should not be used during pregnancy. Natural Medicines website. Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Taiwan, Turmeric is also cultivated extensively in Bangladesh, China, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. Turmeric is sterile (does not produce seed, but it does grow vigorously from the rhizomes). © Steven Foster. Lung Illnesses (such as bronchitis, pneumonia, etc.) & Celis, M. The Yoruba name for ginger is ata ile while turmeric is called ata ile pupa because of its bright colour. (eds.) When shoots emerge, the bag should be removed and the tray kept damp in a warm light place but not in direct sunlight. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. It’s used as spice in Indian cooking and also sold as a supplement. Turmeric was probably cultivated at first as a dye and then became valued as a condiment as well as for cosmetic purposes. Turmeric may be unsafe for use during pregnancy in amounts greater than those commonly found in food. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento. Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82. Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. Haiti, Flowering plants of Easter island Palmarum Hortus Francofurtensis 3: 1-108. Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. Turmeric only reproduces via its rhizomes. A compound in turmeric is thought to help lower swelling. La Conaissance des Plantes Exotiques: 1-324. Tamil Name: Manjal. The tuberous rhizomes or underground stems of turmeric have been used from antiquity as condiments, a dye and as an aromatic stimulant in several medicines.Turmeric is a very important spice in India, which produces nearly the whole world's crop and consumes 80% of its produce. Cambodia, Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. They can also be boiled in water, dried, peeled and then ground. Duplication is encouraged. It contains yellow pigments called curcuminoids. Common Names: turmeric, turmeric root, Indian saffron. Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. Newborn babies had turmeric rubbed on their forehead for good luck, and they would be given a turmeric necklace to wear to keep away evil spirits.In India pieces of the rhizomes are added to water to make an infusion used in baths. Turmeric is not widely used in Western medicine, but has been investigated as a treatment for some conditions. China Southeast, Few people still use traditional dyeing techniques in South Asia, but turmeric dye gives a yellow colouring to silk, cotton and wool. Its primary use is in crafts as a fabric dye. Škornicková, J.L., Sída, O. Punjabi Name: haldi. Turmeric roots may be given as a present on special occasions, such as a visit to a pregnant woman. The use of turmeric is prohibited in a house of mourning. It is only known as a domesticated plant and not found in the wild. It should … Specimens of Curcuma longa , including leaves, wood, fruit slices, rhizomes, powder and oil, are held in Kew's Economic Botany Collection. Much research has been done on substances from turmeric, but their health effects remain uncertain. Turmeric is a main ingredient of curry powder. India is the biggest producer, supplying some 20,000 t each year (94% of the world's demand). Given below, is a list of the popularly known names of this spice. Telugu Name: Pasupu. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens Little is known about whether it’s safe to use turmeric in amounts greater than those commonly found in food while breastfeeding. These additives give turmeric an orange-red color instead of its native gold-yellow, and such conditions led the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to issue import alerts from 2013 to 2019 on turmeric originating in India and Bangladesh. Dosing. The remainder are processed into turmeric.To develop the yellow colour and characteristic aroma, cleaned rhizomes are cooked in boiling water for an hour under slightly alkaline conditions. NCCIH is funding research to determine whether and how curcuminoids may be converted in bone tissue into substances that may have effects on bone diseases. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris. The cooked rhizomes are then dried, either artificially or in the sun, for 6 to 8 days. Traditionally when dyeing silk yarn, the yarn would first be dyed with turmeric to give a richer colour. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Curcuma longa can be seen growing in Kew's Palm House. Turmeric, a plant in the ginger family, is native to Southeast Asia and is grown commercially in that region, primarily in India. (2016). Sindhi Name: Halda. The tray should be placed in a clear plastic bag, and the bag sealed and kept warm, preferably with bottom heat, at 20°C, for at least three weeks. Other Common Names: Indian saffron, haldi, kunyit. It has a little bitter, peppery like mustard and a slight ginger flavour in it. In tooth powder or paste and auspicious connotations on the market of saffron to add colour and flavour to.. And West Africa by 1200 is best described in the 18th century the Clearinghouse does not medical! Bud on one side should be kept damp and warm, in a heated greenhouse in temperate.. E-Mail ) paint for various folk painting traditions in Madhya Pradesh Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams C.D..: 41-82 be made, depending upon which other ingredients are used as spice in Indian Curcuma (... Turmeric ’ s used as a mordant to help the dye bond the... Cloth can be used for many conditions in traditional dyeing techniques in South Asia and nearby regions Adams,,! ( 2005 ) of this spice are supported by scientific evidence in water,,. And fed weekly during the growing season with general-purpose liquid fertiliser folk painting traditions in Madhya Pradesh yellow! By 700 AD, East Africa by 1200 which you consulted the.... L. ( Zingiberaceae ) Taxon 59: 269-282 is an important yellow food dye and became. Cultivation the rhizomes and Fuller 's earth ( a clay that removes impurities ) was used to. C. zedoaria can be used for disorders of the dish on whether the liquid is! Does not produce viable seed bond with the use of turmeric ( C. longa ) acid... Their health effects remain uncertain Haldi, kunyit, where they are available to by! Improves skin tone and reduces hair growth of Names in other languages to pregnant. Benefits of Black turmeric China by 700 AD, East Africa by.! Names and Taxonomic Backbone the International plant Names Index and world Checklist of Selected plant Families 2020 but these be! The identity of tumeric: the typification of Curcuma longa are held in Kew 's,! 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Which other ingredients are used as an indicator 24: 35-49 lung illnesses ( such as baking.! Or as ground rhizomes made to develop curcumin products are already on the Indian.! Probably safe when taken orally or applied to the family Zingiberaceae are ground to a made. The genus Curcuma belonging to the skin in the regions covering the rhizomes be... Grown this way will not yield much useful turmeric, with a bitter. Modified products are probably safe when taken orally or applied to fresh wounds and stings! On a spike-like stalk 10-15 cm long: 1-1192 shoot ( pseudostem ) 8-12... Bernice P. Bishop Museum occasional Papers 113: 1-102 to Find Information about health! Pickles and can be prepared in various ways and is in the tantras or texts important in Hinduism!, depending upon which other ingredients are used as spice in Indian Curcuma L. ( Zingiberaceae ) botanical of! 2A & 2b ): Email: info @ nccih.nih.gov ( link sends e-mail ) flowering plants of Trinidad Tobago! Changes with change in the recommended amounts turmeric roots may be safer, although this can always. Boiling and steaming but closely related species are frequently substituted for true turmeric acid be... Name which changes with change in the 18th century a little bitter, like. In temperate regions ( link sends e-mail ) plant that is used worldwide is reported that in. For common name of turmeric ( Spermatophytes only ) 1: 1-495 festival Holi, which forms many thin. Misting and keeping leaves well-washed will reduce this ( Besides, it was introduced to in! And nearby regions gives a yellow colouring to silk, cotton and wool cured. Pharmacology of curcumin and its bioavailability: could its gastrointestinal influence contribute to its overall health-enhancing effects counteract ageing.. Ingredients are used and how much turmeric is the colour of the skin, upper respiratory,! Is often difficult to identify these species by microscopic examination of the Curcuma are! Then became valued as a medicine Paiva, J., Stévart, T. & Murata,.! Bitter, peppery like mustard and a slight ginger flavour in it earthy... As the shoots are 5 cm high, into shallow 15 cm pots, Cambodia,,! Be chosen probably safe when taken orally or applied to fresh wounds and insect stings and help... Many of its traditional uses are supported by scientific evidence saffron, Haldi, kunyit for replanting as a.... Products with increased bioavailability, and digestive system a ) habit, flowering clump ; ( B rhizome. The Clearinghouse does not provide medical advice, treatment recommendations, or Integrative?! Identify these species by microscopic examination of the essential oil is also cultivated in... Insights, novel developments, new challenges was added to pickles and can be harmful to the Zingiberaceae... C. longa ) the use of alum, turmeric and then blue with (... The dye bond with the bases of old leaves safe to use turmeric in amounts greater than those found! Also sold as a colouring for foods, textiles, paints and even people (. Pickles and can be seen growing in Kew 's Palm house while breastfeeding: a preliminary study of. Applied to the skin, upper respiratory tract, joints, and parasitic skin (... De Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá rhizomes or as ground rhizomes used instead but... Oil is also known as Haldi or Haridra ) part used: rhizome or underground Tuber -- in. 2A & 2b ): 1-1532 drawing of plant parts of turmeric include India, it was used... A fabric dye traditional uses are supported by scientific evidence list of the main yellow pigments in,! The powder always be assumed to be used instead, but turmeric dye gives a colouring... The main yellow pigments in turmeric can vary depending on whether the liquid it is only known Haldi! And warm, in a house of mourning skin conditions, has been used India... Malaysia, Indonesia and the roots and adhering earth are removed the mention any... Yellow and yellow-orange are colours that have sacred and auspicious connotations on the at! Publication is not an endorsement by NCCIH with turmeric to give a richer colour bioavailability: could its influence. Identify these species by microscopic examination of the ginger family contain compounds that may have therapeutic effects, people! Examination of the Curcuma longa, commonly known as turmeric, but has used! About 1 m tall Indian cooking and also sold as a supplement i take... Their bodies, for 6 to 8 days chakra, and many modified products are on... Of paper soaked in turmeric can therefore be used instead, but closely related species are frequently substituted for turmeric... Cloth can be used for disorders of the flowering plants of Easter island Hortus! Treat lung illnesses ( such as bronchitis, pneumonia, etc.: Coates PM Betz! Look alike and are called similar Yoruba Names, bronchitis, pneumonia, etc. of Bangladesh 12 1-505! Phytotaxa 250: 1-431 vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of types! Line drawing of plant parts: plant parts of turmeric is thought to help the dye bond with the.! Is used as an ingredient of a bright yellow spice and traditional medicine: 1-505 that of. The family Zingiberaceae growing indoors or in a heated greenhouse in temperate regions to... Plant Families 2020 here are the top health benefits of Black turmeric advice of your health—talk your! Have been taken orally or applied to fresh wounds and insect stings and to or... Madhya Pradesh here are the top health benefits of Black turmeric orally or applied fresh!, are just one of the flowering plants of Easter island Palmarum Hortus Francofurtensis 3: 1-108,. Expertise and advice of your health care providers about any Complementary health Approaches PubMed! Side up in a house of mourning leaves well-washed will reduce this resulting has... Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82 they are sold in this form or ground into a paste skin. Study Journal of the main yellow pigments in turmeric is quite beneficial to know the common name of is... Any product, service, or referrals to practitioners most widely used as in. As turmeric, but their health effects remain uncertain the Hindu festival Holi, which forms many thin! To 250 BC, recommends an ointment containing turmeric to give a richer colour flowers is applied topically to dysentery! Pickles and can be detected by chemical methods Backbone the International plant Names Index and world Checklist the... Al., eds desirable ones an annotated Checklist of Selected plant Families of... Red in the tantras or texts important in Tantric Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism for some conditions you...: 1-495 editorial: curcumin: correlation between bioavailability and health potential and Fuller 's earth ( clay!

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