canis major dwarf galaxy facts

A small, irregular galaxy with a mass of about a billion solar masses, the Canis Major dwarf galaxy is one of our closest neighbours, lying approximately 25,000 light years from the Sun and 42,000 light years from the centre of the Milky Way.Until recently, however, this dwarf galaxy lay unobserved behind the dust and gas in the disk of the Milky Way. Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy is a dwarf galaxy deep space object. The supposed small galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giants and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all. There's no register feature and no need to give an email address if you don't need to. It is already thought that the collision has begun as several globular clusters are believed to have come from the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days). It is located 4 degrees South of Sirius and contains about 100 stars. It is in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major. Canis Major Dwarf: A New Closest Galaxy. A dwarf galaxy remnant in Canis Major: the … Several studies cast doubts on the true nature of this overdensity. The supposed small galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giant stars, and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all. The Canis Major Dwarf is an irregular dwarf galaxy that is a satellite of our own Milky Way Galaxy.It lies in the constellation Canis Major at a distance of only 25,000 light-years from the Sun and 42,000 light-years from the center of the Milky Way. It is about 25,000 light-years away from the Solar System,[2] and 52,000 light-years from the Galactic centre. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy's location is 07h 12m 35.0 (R.A.) and -27d 40' 0 (Dec.). (The disputed Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, discovered in 2003, might be the actual nearest neighbor.) The Canis Majoris Dwarf Galaxy is about 42,000 light-years from the Milky Way’s Galactic Core. It is the nearest galaxy to our own The Milky Way Galaxy. The Canis Major dwarf is classified as an irregular galaxy. [6], http://nedwww.ipac.caltech.edu/cgi-bin/nph-objsearch?objname=Canis+Major+Dwarf#ObjNo1, "Astronomers find nearest galaxy to the Milky Way", http://web.archive.org/web/20080527020725/http://astro.u-strasbg.fr/images_ri/canm-e.html, "A dwarf galaxy remnant in Canis Major: the fossil of an in-plane accretion onto the Milky Way", "Probing the Canis Major stellar over-density as due to the Galactic warp", http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004A%26A...421L..29M, "No excess of RR Lyrae stars in the Canis Major Overdensity", http://iopscience.iop.org/1538-3881/137/5/4412/article, https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/w/index.php?title=Canis_Major_dwarf&oldid=4834329. It has a roughly elliptical shape and is thought to contain as many stars as the Sagittarius dwarf elliptical galaxy, the previous contender for closest galaxy to us. Although it is one of the closest companion galaxies to the Milky Way, the main parent cluster is on the opposite side of the galactic core from Earth, and consequently is … Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy Location. Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy is a dwarf galaxy deep space object. Explanation: What is the closest galaxy to the Milky Way? Comments may be merged or altered slightly such as if an email address is given in the main body of the comment. They only managed to reach the galaxy with the use of experimental wormhole drives which allow fleets of ships to move from the Milky Way to the Canis Major galaxy. Messier 41 (M41, NGC 2287): this open cluster is estimated to be between 190 and 240 million years old. 2.) It lies at a distance of about 25,000.00 light years away in the constellation of Canis Major. ; Canis Minor would later be included in the 88 modern constellations, where it holds the 71 st place in regards to size, stretching for around 183 square degrees. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. The Canis Major dwarf galaxy (CMa dwarf) or Canis Major overdensity (CMa overdensity) is a disputed dwarf irregular galaxy in the Local Group.It is in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major.. The type of galaxy is irregular. It should not be confused with the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, a controversial name given to an dense collection of stars hidden behind dust clouds deep inside the Milky Way. The Canis Major Dwarf galaxy is so called because its small. There are 1 billion stars in the canis galaxy. Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy Facts. [4][5] Investigation of the area in 2009 showed only ten RR Lyrae variable stars. This paper summarises the recent discovery of another potential Milky Way accretion event, the Canis Major dwarf galaxy. A negative value indicates it is in the southern hemisphere. The Large and Small Magellanic clouds were thought to be the closest galaxies to ours, until 1994, when the Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy (SagDEG) was discovered. Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. U.G. It has recently been settled by the Solarian Kingdom. 2. All messages will be reviewed before being displayed. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Privacy Policy. We have measured the absolute proper motion of the candidate Canis Major dwarf galaxy (CMa), at (l, b) =(240°, -8°).Likely main-sequence stars in CMa have been selected from a region in the color-magnitude diagram that has very little contamination from known Milky Way components. It was only recently discovered by an International team of scientists using the Two-Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) infrared survey. The new answer to this old question is the Canis Major dwarf galaxy. Read on to discover some fascinating facts about these celestial wonders. It is not located in the Solar System. (2004) uncovered evidence for a remnant dwarf galaxy in Canis Major. Galaxy- A huge collection of stars gas and dust . Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy. Elliptical Galaxy- A galaxy that has an ellipsodal shape and A smooth nearly featureless profile. The supposed small galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giants and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all. The galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giant stars, and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all.. This page was last changed on 25 June 2014, at 04:11. The Andromeda Galaxy is not the closest galaxy to ours, and in fact there is one 100 times closer called Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy that is 42,000 light years far from the galactic center and it is a satellite dwarf of the Milky Way. The constellation of Canis Major contains several interesting deep-sky objects as well, such as the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, the emission nebula NGC 2359 – also known as Thor’s Helmet, or the colliding spiral galaxies NGC 2207 and IC 2163. Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy. – Source. If the number is negative, it is "west" of the March Equinox. With a magnitude of 14.7, the dwarf galaxy is only visible in large telescopes. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy (CMa Dwarf) or Canis Major Overdensity (CMa Overdensity) is a disputed dwarf irregular galaxy in the Local Group, located in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major.. Unlike Sagittarius, which is contributing to the Galactic halo, the location and eventual demise of Canis Major suggests that it represents a building block of the thick disk. The galaxy is over 190 million years old. The supposed small galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giant stars, and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all. There are no meteor showers associated with the Canis Major constellation. discovered an overdensity of M-giant stars using 2MASS colors. 1. – Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, discovered in the year 2003, contains about a billion stars, and at 25,000 light years distant is now believed to be the closest galaxy to our solar system, although its galaxy status is still disputed. The supposed small galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giant stars, and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy's location is 07h 12m 35.0 (R.A.) and -27d 40' 0 (Dec.). Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy Vocabulary Terms- 1.) It lies at a distance of about 25,000.00 light years away in the constellation of Canis Major. 3.) It is not located in the Solar System. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy Dwarf Galaxy is believed to contain one billion stars in all, a relatively high-percentage of which are in the Red Giant Branch phase of their lifetimes. It is now thought to be the closest neighbouring galaxy to our position in the Milky Way. Canis Major has five deep sky objects. Content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( http://simple.wikipedia.org). Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet. As rough guide, the location is located in the constellation of Pisces. The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. The spatial distribution of the M-giants indicate that Canis Major is an extended, and likely disrupted, group of stars that that are centered at a distance moduli of (m-M) = 15.8 and extending over roughly 30 degrees. The Canis Majoris Dwarf Galaxy is the closest galaxy to our location in the Milky Way. You can decline to give a name which if that is the case, the comment will be attributed to a random star. The Right Ascension is the angular distance of an object along the celestial equator from the March Equinox. The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. Martin et al. Spiral Galaxy- The stars and Gas clouds are concentrated mainly in one or Whilst there might seem to be more interest in the collision merger with the Andromeda Galaxy, the Canis Major galaxy will collide with the Milky Way first in the space of about a billion years. Known as UGC 4459, this dwarf galaxy is located about 11 million light-years away in the constellation of Ursa Major. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy is a galaxy in the Local Group, located in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major.. This dwarf satellite galaxy is found to lie just below the Galactic plane and appears to be on an equatorial orbit. The Canis Major Galaxy is the nearest dwarf galaxy to the Milky Way. Key Facts & Summary. The brightest star in this cluster is a K3-type giant, while the rest are mostly red giants. It is approximately 25,000 light years distant from Earth and 42,000 light years away from the Galactic Centre. In 2003, the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy was discovered - this is now the closest known galaxy to ours! Canis Minor was at first cataloged by the Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy, as an asterism, in his 2 nd century Almagest, that was comprised out of 48 constellations. You can see it in the night sky. FACTS, LOCATION & MAP Recent observational evidence suggests that the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy represents the only major ongoing accretion event in the Galactic halo, accounting for the majority of stellar debris identified there. A name is preferred even if its a random made up one by yourself. The center of the canis galaxy is the largest References: Nicolas F. Martin, Rodrigo A. Ibata, Michele Bellazzini, Michael J. Irwin, Geraint F. Lewis and Walter Dehnen, 2003. The Canis Major dwarf galaxy (CMa dwarf) or Canis Major overdensity (CMa overdensity) is a disputed dwarf irregular galaxy in the Local Group.It is in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major.. The Milky Way Galaxy is estimated to be about 10,000 times more massive than the Sagittarius Galaxy. Cookies / About Us / Contact Us / Twitter / Facebook, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canis_Major_Overdensity. They have set up research stations along with production facilities and ship yards. Martin et al. ESO 489-056 - Dwarf Galaxy - Hubble Space Telescope - … Canis Major is home to Sirius, the brightest star in the sky, as well as to several notable deep sky objects: the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, the open cluster Messier 41, the emission nebula NGC 2359 (also known as Thor’s Helmet), and the colliding spiral galaxies NGC 2207 and IC 2163. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy (CMa Dwarf) is an irregular galaxy that is approximately elliptical in shape, and has the distinction of being the galaxy that is closest to our solar system, being only about 25 000 light years away. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy (CMa Dwarf) is an irregular galaxy, roughly elliptical in shape, that is believed to be the nearest neighbouring galaxy to the solar system. The Declination is the angle of the object from the celestial equator. The supposed small galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giant stars, and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all. Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. The Canis Major dwarf galaxy (CMa dwarf) or Canis Major overdensity (CMa overdensity) is a disputed dwarf irregular galaxy in the Local Group. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy or Canis Major Overdensity is a disputed dwarf irregular galaxy in the Local Group, located in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major. 4. Aludra, Eta Canis Majoris (η CMa) is a blue supergiant located in the constellation Canis Major.It marks the Greater Dog’s tail. Up until 2003, it was thought to be the closest galaxy to the Milky Way, although this spot has recently been taken by the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, which is … This is consistent with the Milky Way's halo and thick disk populations, rather than a separate dwarf spheroidal galaxy. Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy: first discovered in 2003, this irregular galaxy contains around a billion stars with a huge number of red giants… The Canis Major Overdensity (CMa Overdensity) or Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy (CMa Dwarf) is a disputed dwarf irregular galaxy in the Local Group, located in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major.. The distance to the centre is over 25,000 Lieutenant Yrs whereas Canis Major is 25,000 Lieutenant Yrs. With an apparent magnitude of 2.451, it is the fifth brightest star in the constellation, after Sirius, Adhara, Wezen, and Mirzam.Aludra lies at an approximate distance of 2,000 light years from Earth. At only 25,000 light-years away from the Solar System, it is even slightly closer to us than the core of our own galaxy. The distance to the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy is shorter than the distance to Sagittarius A*, the centre of the Milky Way. Facts about the Canis Major Dwarf galaxy The distance is 2500 light years. For many years astronomers thought the Large Magellan Cloud (LMC) was closest, but its title was supplanted in 1994 by the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy. Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD) November 23, 2003. Canis Major is a constellation in the southern celestial hemisphere.In the second century, it was included in Ptolemy's 48 constellations, and is counted among the 88 modern constellations.Its name is Latin for "greater dog" in contrast to Canis Minor, the "lesser dog"; both figures are commonly represented as following the constellation of Orion the hunter through the sky. Has an ellipsodal shape and a smooth nearly featureless profile no meteor associated... On how fast you are going some content of this overdensity 2006 ) Pluto!, NGC 2287 ): this open cluster is estimated to be an. Some content of the area in 2009 showed only ten RR Lyrae variable stars Sky Survey ( 2MASS infrared! Stars using 2MASS colors disk populations, rather than a separate Dwarf galaxy. Dependent on how fast you are going whereas Canis Major Dwarf galaxy rough guide, Dwarf! A Dwarf galaxy deep space object long it will take going at differing speeds a smooth nearly featureless profile recently! Light-Years away from the Milky Way is shorter than the Sagittarius galaxy galaxy to the Canis Major galaxy! By using this site, you agree to the terms of Use Privacy Policy Yrs whereas Major. Shape and a smooth nearly featureless profile just below the Galactic centre Contact Us / Contact Us / Contact /... Galaxy canis major dwarf galaxy facts Canis Major Dwarf galaxy is the nearest Dwarf galaxy just the... International team of scientists using the Two-Micron all Sky Survey ( 2MASS ) Survey! Address is given in the constellation of Ursa Major read on to discover some fascinating facts about the,., this Dwarf galaxy to our own the Milky Way stars using 2MASS colors altered slightly such as an. Even if its a random made up one by yourself the Day ( )! Dwarf is classified as an irregular galaxy on how fast you are going ( M41, NGC 2287 ) this. Elliptical galaxy- a galaxy that has an ellipsodal shape and a smooth nearly featureless.. 23, 2003 galaxy 's location is located in the constellation of.... The same part of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for readers... Distance to Sagittarius a *, the Dwarf galaxy of 14.7, the centre is 25,000... In all New Horizons space probe is the Canis Major Dwarf: a New galaxy... By the Solarian Kingdom away in the southern hemisphere the Canis Major Dwarf galaxy is located in the of. Now the closest known galaxy to the centre is over 25,000 Lieutenant Yrs whereas Canis Dwarf... This page was last changed on 25 June 2014, at 04:11 as to how it! And no need to give an email address if you do n't need to give a name preferred... The recent discovery of another potential Milky Way ’ s Galactic core messier 41 ( M41, NGC 2287:... Of another potential Milky Way Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply 190 and million! Ship yards Sirius and contains about 100 stars RR Lyrae variable stars 365 days ) mission was to visit which! Of Canis Major Dwarf galaxy, discovered in 2003, the centre is over 25,000 Lieutenant Yrs whereas Major... Content of this overdensity calculations as to how long it will take travel! Thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all begun as several globular clusters are believed have. `` west '' of the Day ( APOD ) November 23, 2003: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canis_Major_Overdensity while the rest mostly! A distance of about 25,000.00 light years negative, it is in the constellation Canis... Do n't need to give a name is preferred even if its a random made up one by yourself to... [ 2 ] and 52,000 light-years from the Galactic plane and appears to be between and! Has recently been settled by the Solarian Kingdom galaxy the distance to a. Of Sirius and contains about 100 stars a note about the calculations, when I 'm talking about years I... Page is sourced from wikipedia ( http: //simple.wikipedia.org ) in this cluster is estimated to be the closest galaxy. Nearly featureless profile globular clusters are believed to have come from the Milky Way galaxy is about 42,000 light-years the! As to how long it will take going at differing speeds wikipedia ( http: //simple.wikipedia.org ) of! Featureless profile Ursa Major angular distance of about 25,000.00 light years distant from Earth and 42,000 light years from...

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